Nov. 3, 2015
In recent posts I have covered related topics including:
I thought it was time to do a short explainer of what exactly the REAL ID Act is and what it does especially since our state legislature is going to be considering legislation to permit Oklahoma to come into compliance with REAL ID in its upcoming session. In the near future I will cover more about the Act including enforcement and the four federal official purposes for which a REAL ID compliant ID will be required.
Here are the basics.
The REAL ID Act is a federal law that was passed with little to no debate in Congress in 2005 as a rider to the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief. The Act was signed into law on May 11, 2005.
Title II of the REAL ID Act of 2005 set federal guidelines (incorporating international standards) for state driver’s licenses and ID cards that will be required for certain federal “official purposes”
Justifications for REAL ID include, stopping terrorism, reducing fraud and identity theft.
REAL ID compliant Drivers Licenses and ID cards must:
–Be machine readable (Unencrypted 2D Barcode)
-Contain biometric data (facial biometrics)
-State DMV Databases must be linked
-Data shared national and internationally
The combination of these two technologies (machine readable tech and biometrics) plus the linking of state data systems as required by the REAL ID Act, transform state-issued driver licenses and identification cards into a nationalized identification system allowing computers to notate and record individual’s location and other personal details every time identification is performed.
REAL ID is not so much about the card, its the database of personal info that we need to pay attention to.
There is much more to it of course but this hits the highlights of the law.
Here is a downloadable one page document explaining the REAL ID ACT