Tag Archives: GIS

The FBI is Aggressively Building Biometric Database, International in Scope

fbi ngi

Kaye Beach

Dec. 26, 2011

FBI’s Next Generation Identification (NGI)

According to the FBI it is official FBI policy to collect “as much biometric data as possible within information technology systems” and to “work aggressively to build biometric databases that are comprehensive and international in scope.” link

“We need to recognize the change that is occurring in society, Society is taking away the privilege of anonymity.”  -- Morris Hymes, Head of the ID Assurance Directorate at the Defense Department.

With the FBI’s continuance of their Next Generation Identification project, the United States is rushing headlong into Mr. Hymes’ vision.

“Anonymity is a shield from the tyranny of the majority … It thus exemplifies the purpose behind the Bill of Rights, and of the First Amendment in particular: to protect unpopular individuals from retaliation–and their ideas from suppression–at the hand of an intolerant society.”

McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Comm’n, 514 U.S.334 (http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=514&invol=334), 357 (1995)

Biometrics is enables mass surveillance systems to become unbearably intimate.

“As we learn to link biometrics to biographic, geospatial, social networks and other forms of data, we can develop patterns of activities for both individuals and organizations resulting in tactical and strategic situational awareness and intelligence advantage.”

Biometric Enabled Intelligence- The New Frontier in Biometrics by Kimberly Del Greco, 2009 Biometrics Consortium Conference.

Mrs. Del Greco initiated two high profile, multi-million dollar development efforts: “Next Generation Identification” (NGI), which will expand biometric and criminal history capabilities; and “Biometric Interoperability”, which will ensure information sharing between the FBI’s Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS) and other key biometric-based systems within the Federal Government and international partners. more

FBI Next Generation ID overview ppt

Facts about NGI

-In 2008 Lockheed Martin won a 1 billion dollar contract for the NGI.

http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=aU8dsjtMXgdo

-NGI will be fully operational in 2014

-This database is international in scope.  Biometrics collected by government officials from is already done so using international standards for the purpose of international sharing.

-The FBI will share data with more than 18,000 local, state, federal, and international agencies. link

-State DMV databases are one of the desired sources of biometrics for the FBI.

FBI Facial Recognition Initiatives

-The database is NOT being built from the biometrics of just criminals or legitimate suspects.  The NGI consolidates two existing databases of biometric information (one from the FBI and one from the Dept. Of Homeland Security) both of which were designed to be independent of each other and not interoperable. The FBI database, IAFIS, being merged with NGI, contains biometric data obtained from civil sources such as attorney bar applications, federal and state employees, and from people who work with children or the elderly so perfectly innocent if not model citizens also are included in the mix.   link

Link

-The FBI intends to supplement the biometric data is already has access to with biometric data from “seized systems” and “open sources”.  That means pictures that are on the internet or ones collected by existing CCTV surveillance cameras.

-The NGI currently contains palmprints, scars, marks, tattoos, voices, irises, and facial measurements but designed to collect even more types of biometrics, such as DNA, in the future.  (Can you imagine being stopped for a traffic violation and on the spot having a DNA sample taken, tested and used to pull up volumes of information about you?  Well, they can. )

-The FBI’s Next Generation ID violates the 1974 Privacy Act provisions which require that federal agencies maintain the records accurately and sets limitation on how and with whom the records can be shared.  The FBI claims that it is exempt from these provisions.

-The FBI has already deployed handheld biometric collection devices to police officers to help build the NGI database.

 And a mobile tool – the Biometric Identification (B-iD) Tools Program – will allow FBI agents to capture and access database photos, fingerprints, iris prints and other biographical data in the field.http://animetrics.com/the-fbis-next-generation-identification-program-helping-law-enforcement-track-and-share-suspect-information-across-state-lines/

March 21, 2011

FBI center takes on $1 billion ID project

Under the system, state and local police officers also will eventually use hand-held devices to scan suspects’ fingerprints and send the images electronically to the FBI center.

“It’s a quick scan to let police officers know if they should let the person go, or take him into custody,” Morris said.

http://wvgazette.com/News/Business/201103211014

-Secure Communities, a Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) program collects the biometrics of any person any time that a criminal background check is done.  The purpose, we are told, is to identify those immigrants that are in the U.S. illegally.   That information goes into the  the FBI’s NGI database.  Secure Communities serves the greater goal of the FBI to collect the biometric and personal data of as many individuals as possible in order to populate their growing Next Generation ID database.

“The FBI describes S-Comm as “the first of a number of biometric interoperability systems” that merge into NGI.3 The FOIA documents show that the FBI, and not DHS, was the first federal agency to call for mandatory implementation of S-Comm. The documents further reveal the FBI’s fear that any opt-out for SComm might lead states to rightfully question their participation in NGI.”

“. . .newly disclosed documents expose the FBI’s goal to accumulate a large biometric database that far exceeds its current fingerprint collection, extending to the collection and retention of iris scans and digital photographs to support automated facial recognition scans in real-time.1 NGI aims to impose an automated process linking state and local databases with a federal government biometric data warehouse.”

Read more about Secure Communites and Next Generation ID

States were told they could ‘opt-out’ of the Department of Homeland Security’s Secure Communities but in reality states were only allowed to “opt-out” of receiving information back from federal agencies.  They are still required to send the information collected on individual to the federal government.   The states are being forced to funnel this personal information to DHS and the FBI to be used for purposes entirely out of the scope of Secure Communities.

States can’t opt out of Secure Communities program

The Obama administration has told governors the fingerprint-sharing program that targets criminals in the country illegally does not need their approval to operate in their states.

In Aug. of 2010 the state of Minnesota asserted that the personal and biometric data collected by the state was the property and responsibility of the state and that it was not to be used by the federal government for purposes not expressly permitted by the submitting law enforcement agencies.  The Department of Homeland Security in response to Congressional Questions for the Record that states have no choice about how personal biometric data was used or shared once they shared that data with the federal government.

If it is not somehow perfectly obvious how threatening NGI is to ordinary, law abiding individuals, everyone that has an encounter with law enforcement (as well as those who don’t!) and have their biometric data is collected (not necessarily just those who are arrested) will be included in this grand database which will enable the creation of incredibly detailed dossiers on the population and at a distance tracking and monitoring of individuals not accused or suspected of any crime.  We can expect increasing numbers of  encounters, such as on the street or traffic stops with police using handheld biometric devices for the purpose of feeding the federal government’s insatiable appetite for more and more personal information.

Virtual Alabama

Kaye Beach

July 23, 2011

“The real danger is the gradual erosion of individual liberties through automation, integration,
and interconnection of many small, separate record-keeping systems, each of which alone may seem innocuous, even benevolent, and wholly justifiable.”  U. S. Privacy Study Commission
GIS stands for  Geographic Information System
“GIS is a computer system for capturing, storing, checking, integrating, manipulating, analyzing  and displaying data related to location. What separates GIS from other types of information/databases is that everything is based on location (georeference).”
“GIS organizes geographic data so that a person reading  a map can select data necessary for aspecific project or task. A thematic map has a table of contents that allows the reader to add layers of information to a basemap of real-world locations. For example, a social analyst might use the basemap of Eugene, Oregon, and select datasets from the U.S. Census Bureau to add  data layers to a map that shows residents’ education levels, ages, and employment status.” Link
Read more about GIS “Getting the Gist of GIS

Here is an excerpt about a program called Virtual Alabama which is based on GIS  from Surveillance in the Time of Insecurity By Torin Monahan

Pg 44-49

“Virtual Alabama”

Virtual Alabama is a complex database replete with three-dimensional imagery of most of the state (including, for example, buildings, roadways, power plants, refineries, and airports), GIS overlays for additional contextual information, building schematics, video surveillance access for all public cameras, algorithmic scenarios for likely direction of chemical plumes in case of a toxic release, and so on (see figure 1).

Modeled after the Google Earth platform, this science fiction- like surveillance system allows real-time access for all first responders in all counties within the state. James Walker explained that at first DHS had a very difficult time convincing local sheriffs that they should participate and share their data. This obstacle was overcome, however, when DHS promised to include a GIS overlay for all registered sex offenders in the state, showing exactly where each of them are supposed to be residing.

. . . The vision for Virtual Alabama, and for similar applications in other states, is to map everything and share data liberally. DHS envisions being able to share data regionally and nationally so that all emergency responders have access to the system, from local public safety providers to the National Guard—and, one must suspect, private contractors as well, especially because in addition to security contractor companies like Blackwater, which has been rebranded as “Xe Services,” fire departments have jumped on the privatization bandwagon too.27 DHS would like to achieve total “situational awareness” from the system, including real-time GPS data on the location of all state troopers, real-time readouts of available beds in hospitals, and GIS overlays for hunting licenses issued and chicken farms (in case of an avian flu outbreak).

There may be perks for businesses too. James Walker said that he would like to make the data available to corporations as an incentive for them to relocate to Alabama. Or, he continued, insurance companies and FEMA might like to have access to before-and-after aerial photographs of disaster sites so that they can determine who should really qualify for reimbursement to repair damaged property. In other words, this high-tech security application can be used to protect the assets of private companies or the state from the “security threat” of fraud.

. . . What is glaringly absent here is any discussion of the extent to which systems like Virtual Alabama could create new security threats. The detailed mapping of critical information can be as dangerous as it is useful if it falls into the “wrong hands.” This possibility, however, is not on the agenda of those advocating for such systems, which reveals that the goal of generating profitable data may be just as important as protecting the public, if not more important.

. . . the privacy of individuals is at significant risk with current levels of liberal data sharing among private companies and government agencies, along with the absence of serious privacy regulations in the United States.29 DHS Fusion Centers promise to institutionalize the data sharing that has been ad hoc to date. Second, while it is unclear if Google or similar companies will have access to data entered into security applications like Virtual Alabama, the centralized stockpiling of diverse data elements will certainly allow for intensified surveillance of people, whether for purposes of public safety, consumer marketing, fraud detection, or other unimagined possibilities enabled by these systems.  The limited information currently available on these nascent systems indicates that DHS is more than willing to approve the sharing of public data with private companies to encourage them to relocate their businesses or help them detect fraud. It is only a matter of time before other mutually profitable—but probably liberty-decaying—arrangements are discovered.

Read More

Getting the Gist of GIS-Geographic Information Systems

Kaye Beach

April 18, 2011

“The real danger is the gradual erosion of individual liberties through automation, integration, and interconnection of many small, separate record-keeping systems, each of which alone may seem innocuous, even benevolent, and wholly justifiable.”    U. S. Privacy Study Commission

GIS- Geographic Information System

“GIS is a computer system for capturing, storing, checking, integrating, manipulating, analyzing and displaying data related to location. What separates GIS from other types of information/databases is that everything is based on location (georeference).” Link

“GIS organizes geographic data so that a person reading a map can select data necessary for a specific project or task. A thematic map has a table of contents that allows the reader to add layers of information to a basemap of real-world locations. For example, a social analyst might use the basemap of Eugene, Oregon, and select datasets from the U.S. Census Bureau to add data layers to a map that shows residents’ education levels, ages, and employment status.” Link

GIS is promoted as a valuable management tool for almost every imaginable aspect of society worldwide.

“Understanding the Earth as a system requires that our scientific information systems be conceptualized in such a way that they are capable of interfacing with one another and ultimately able to function as a single unified system” link

GIS is a powerful integrator of information and technology-

“As we learn to link biometrics to biographic, geospatial, social networks and other forms of data, we can develop patterns of activities for both individuals and organizations, resulting in tactical and strategic situational awareness and intelligence advantage.”   LINK

There is one thing you should keep in mind while reading this article; that information about you is valuable and powerful.

Whoever keeps and controls your information has the power to keep and control you.  Our wealth, reputations and perceived worth is bundled into something we call data and this data is, in reality, what we are assessed on in just about every aspect of our lives. From legal or financial decisions to political and personal opportunities-it is the information, the data about us that usually matters most.

Some definitions:

The word enterprise is used often to describe information systems in both business and government so it’s a good idea to understand what the term means.

Enterprise Information Systems- Enterprise Information Systems provide a technology platform that enables organizations to integrate and coordinate their business processes. They provide a single system that is central to the organization and ensure that information can be shared across all functional levels and management hierarchies. (Emphasis mine)  LINK

Geodata- isanyinformation with a geographic component.

GIS Enables Mass Surveillance

Mass Surveillance is the pervasive surveillance of an entire population, or a substantial fraction thereof.

Mass surveillance enables social control

Social control refers generally to societal and political mechanisms or processes that regulate individual and group behavior, leading to conformity and compliance to the rules of a given society, state, or social group

GIS-What’s it good for?

“Geographic information system (GIS) technology leverages this geographic insight to address social, economic, business, and environmental concerns at local, regional, national, and global scales.”link

This article, The Evolution of Geospatial Technology Calls for Changes in Geospatial Research, Education and Government Management, written in 2009,  provides some useful insight about the potential for GIS technology to help create “more useful results” The authors, Jackson, Schell and Taylor explain that geospatial technologies have evolved and converged with a wide variety of other information technologies over the last fifteen years.

“Now they are of a piece, they “talk to one another” and interact freely in a fertile communications environment of wireless broadband, portable cell phone/computers, sensor-webs and, of course, the dynamically evolving environment of the World Wide Web.”

Jackson, Schell and Taylor explain the value of GIS tech for “industry stakeholders”, who are apparently on a mission to save us all.

“. . .expansion of human population and industry has brought humanity to a point of converging crises, and diverse industry stakeholders see geospatial technology in this context as a critical factor in enabling humanity to avoid disaster”

These GIS experts believe that  enlightened leaders must exert control over people and markets in order to bring about what they believe to be “more useful results” than would occur if people and markets were permitted to self-arrange.  In other words GIS is a tool for the managers and planners of society to control populations and the economy to produce the outcome that they know is best.

Jackson, Schell and Taylor write;

“. . . the market forces that drive the evolution of technology do not meaningfully, or in any disciplined way, take into full account the needs of science and social processes.”

I am no economist but the market forces or the law of supply and demand just observes that if there is a need for something the profit seeking market will oblige and at a price that reflects the real value of the service or good. What do the “needs of science” or “social processes” have to do with it?   Seems like if the market forces are not providing,   then there must not be a demand or the need is not one that can be met through the market.  Maybe they want “market forces” to address something that is beyond its scope and if that is true does this mean they want to bend those forces to serve a purpose it is not capable of?

Jackson, Schell and Taylor have an answer for those like me who might be hopelessly outdated in their ways of thinking;

“Public servants are warned away from the old fashioned approach should leading thinkers and policy planners persist in defending traditional institutional and economic intellectual practices.”

The “old fashioned approach” is the one that still dominates the thinking of many Americans.   I believe that Jackson, Schell and Taylor’s “traditional institutional practices” includes thepersistent idea that every individual has certain unalienable rights not grated them (and therefore not to be taken away from us) by government, as one that leading thinkers and policy planners need to be warned away from.  What should these thinkers and policy planners be focusing on instead?

“The point is, that governments should be thinking strategically about how geospatial technology should be positioned, through policy and law, to contribute as fully as possible to the social welfare and international cooperation. . .” 

Read More about The Evolution of Geospatial Technology

Here are just a few of the sectors of government, society actively utilizing GIS technology;

Government

Regulatory Compliance

“Government agencies use GIS to create and enforce environmental legislation. Services and businesses use GIS to comply with environmental regulations and mandates.

In addition, cooperation between agencies is simplified by the use of a central database that can be leveraged for cross purposes such as financial information, ownership, improvements, and plans.”(Emphasis mine) Link

Health and Human Services

GIS as a tool for the health industry entails leveraging a variety of personal and spatial data for the purpose of “creating a state of health

Location, location, location

Spatial data is is information related to place.

“The old real estate addage that “location is everything” holds a new meaning in today’s world. Not only can location tell us about where we are, it can also tell us about who we are and what we do. The spatial data systems that store and integrate facts about us are becoming just as, if not more, important than the maps that they produce. Location is the unique characteristic that can join disparate data sets and uncover a variety of information about our daily lives.”  Spy in the Sky: Spatial Data Privacy Issues in Geographic Information Systems

The touted benefits of GIS for health are many but the catch is too much to swallow.

You first have to accept the idea that information is equivalent to knowledge or wisdom and then you have to have utter faith that the government health managers will be eternally generous and utterly benevolent to all individuals-always. Personally, I say no thanks…but really, they aren’t asking us to agree.  They are simply doing it.  And they are doing it globally I might add.

The UN’s Millennium Development Goals

Harmonizing health information systems with information systems in other social and economic sectors.

The Millennium Declaration of eight development goals (MDGs) has intensified international pressure to strengthen information systems to monitor 48 target indicators–18 of which are health-related
. . .Geographical information systems provide coherent demonstrations of geographical disparities in poverty, social determinants and service delivery. Several systems are in use, for example, DevInfo has a mapping facility within it, and HealthMapper (42) is a WHO system for mapping public health data. The UN has set up a working group to agree standards and achieve some compatibility in core data and geographical boundaries.”

Barack Obama, September 22, 2010   ” And today, I’m announcing our new U.S. Global Development Policy — the first of its kind by an American administration. [. . .] it outlines our new approach and the new thinking that will guide our overall development efforts, including the plan that I promised last year and that my administration has delivered to pursue the Millennium Development Goals.  Put simply, the United States is changing the way we do business

Remarks by the President at the Millennium Development Goals Summit in New York, New York

By 2020, public health information systems in the United States, such as disease registries, will be integrated into grids linked by the National Health Information Network (NHIN) that will utilize the Next Generation Internet (NGI) or Internet2.
link

The following is from a GIS project report, Reflection and Comment Health GIS in the mid-west: Unexpected developments and directions, by Frank Houghton, Ireland.  The paper mostly focuses on the success of the project but it also includes some of Mr. Houghten’s concerns about the technology and how it is being utilized.

As noted in this report, GIS is being used as a powerful tool for central planning.  Under the heading of central planning falls the correcting the unequal distribution of resourceswhich, of course, is another way of saying “redistribution of wealth

A major focus of GIS should be in using it as a tool to help explore and highlight and fight inequality and poverty” 

Writing about the data being collected and geo-referenced on population health in Ireland, Frank Houghton notes;

“This report included not only ‘standard’ information, such as Census small area population     statistics and deprivation data, but also information from a host of previously unmapped and inaccessible computerised health information systems.”

Control

Mr. Houghton also refers to a “disquieting” aspect of the approach to GIS that emerged during this project.

“. . .the way in which it was discussed was very clearly connected with the issue of control. These overtones bring to mind sociological discussions around the issue of technology as a tool of oppression”

Houghton concludes;

. . .It is apparent that GIS has the potential to not merely maintain the status quo, but to be used actively as a means of management command and control.”

Frank Houghton Irish Centre for Research on Applied Social Studies, Limerick Institute of Technology and National Institute for Regional and Spatial Analysis

GIS is the Great Integrator

“Today’s GIS is foundational—it is based on open technologies and industry standards, meaning that it integrates fully with existing information systems. . . Geographic information systems bring together data from any source.” (Emphasis Mine)  IACP

“Geographic Information System (GIS) technology can help establish cross-sectoral communication – by providing not only very powerful tools for storage and analysis of multisectoral spatial and statistical data, but also by integrating databases of different sectors in the same format, structure and map projection in the GIS system.”

http://www.fao.org/sd/eidirect/gis/EIgis000.htm

“As we learn to link biometrics to biographic, geospatial, social networks and other forms of data, we can develop patterns of activities for both individuals and organizations, resulting in tactical and strategic situational awareness and intelligence advantage.”   LINK

Are we starting to get the gist of all of this?

GIS for Global Health

Global Public Health Grid (GPHG)

CDC/WHO GPHG

 

 The World Health Organization (WHO) and National Center of Public Health Informatics (NCPHI) have forged collaboration on a Global Public Health Grid (GPHG) initiative to enable global data exchange and collaborative development of globally shareable and interoperable systems, tools and services.  GPHG aims to improve global public health by providing a standards-based informatics platform, and collaboratively developing and implementing a wide range of public health informatics applications and services leveraging widely distributed global expertise, thus enabling dissemination and exchange of information across different jurisdictional levels.

Link

Public Health Mapping and GIS

International Health Regulations Coordination

“There is an urgent need to invest in the development and roll-out of a public health mapping and monitoring system at the subnational level in all countries as the basis for global, regional and national responses to the main health threats of the 21st century” Link

 

ADVANCED HEALTH INFORMATION SHARING WITH WEB-BASED GIS

2007 A global partnership

“Since its establishment in the 1990s, the Programme has built a global partnership involving WHO Member States, WHO Regional Offices and Country Offices, other UN agencies and bilateral partners, universities and research institutions, collaborating centres, the private sector and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

[. . .]” Public health mapping and GIS enable the standardization of surveillance data from village level to global level and across diseases, as well as the analysis of health-related data from other sectors such as education, environment or official development assistance. In addition, target populations can be precisely located and profiled without time-consuming and costly field research” LINK

 

Oklahoma Health and GIS

Oklahoma State Department of Health Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Needs Assessment and Requirements Analysis Report of Findings and Recommendations 2008

FINDING

Historically, the model of GIS coordination at OSDH has been decentralized.

RECOMMENDATION:

OSDH can better focus mapping activities by continuing with and expanding upon the centralization efforts that were initiated in 2006 with the hiring of the GIS Coordinator and strengthened by the creation of the GIS Advisory Committee. Carefully guided centralization efforts will provide for efficient and effective application of GIS technology. Pg 1

There is a need to normalize datasets and to create agency-wide identifiers for people and facilities to enable higher quality analysis and program evaluation.

The Health Informatics Council and its subcommittees are addressing people identifiers.

Pg 3

GIS in OKLAHOMA

In 1994 the Oklahoma Legislature passed and the Governor signed a bill that authorized the Oklahoma Conservation Commission to prepare a “Strategy for Developing a GIS for the State of Oklahoma” and created the State GIS Council to assist the Conservation Commission in this project. The Conservation Commission serves as the chair of the State GIS Council. For more information on the State GIS Council, visit their web site at http://www.okmaps.onenet.net.

In 2007, the Council expanded on the initial goals set forth in the legislation, identifying eight primary issues in the development of the strategy http://www.okmaps.onenet.net/mission.htm

More information about GIS development in Oklahoma

Oklahoma Office of Geographic Information

Strategic & Business Plan for Fiscal Years 2008 – 2010

Oklahoma GIS “Next Steps” 

“Expand the GeoCIP® GIS to include social and economic assets,(Emphasis mine) such as demographics, schools, social or cultural groups, business establishments, land parcels, sales or tax records, workforce, etc. for comprehensive asset mapping and economic development planning”

Source-Oklahoma GI Council presentation dated 6 November 2009

Data Fusion Centers

More uses for GIS

Public Safety

Natural Resources

Even more uses for GIS

 

GIS for Law Enforcement and Homeland Security

Under Public Safety falls Fire and Emergency, Homeland Security, Law Enforcement.  Here are some excerpts from a paper entitled“Breaking Down Barrierswritten in 2009by Paul Christin.   I think gives a good picture of the function of GIS in this area.

Policing, Intelligence, Fusion

How Can This Be Done?

“Geographic information systems (GIS) have long been used by government agencies to build and maintain data and provide numerous services. Local, state and federal agencies have built large spatial databases over many years of GIS use. GIS mapping technology has become more prevalent in law enforcement and homeland security agencies in recent years. Indeed, geospatial capabilities within data fusion and intelligence centers — for both law enforcement and homeland security — are essential for collecting diverse data from multiple sources.              

A GIS-enabled platform integrates existing tools (such as link analysis, remote sensing and computer modeling) and emerging technologies (such as video surveillance, hazardous material detectors, license plate readers and biometric sensors). GIS links information systems with data capture devices and uses geography or the geographic component of data to link these independent pieces into a single, comprehensive whole.

GIS works within IT as the framework to capture, model, identify and manipulate data about behavior. . .To prevent crime or terrorist acts, you need something that can help track and model behavior to understand where problems are emerging. GIS technology can quickly access and integrate relevant variables (the location of incidents, common elements, time sequence, geographic features common to incident types, demographics and other variables) that establish patterns and trends. These results can then be fused with dynamic data feeds (traffic patterns, camera surveillance, 9-1-1 calls, weather, etc.) to develop comprehensive situational awareness.

Information, once captured, can be integrated with other data, analyzed and disseminated to anyone who needs it, no matter the location or agency for which the requester works. It’s a new law enforcement and homeland security IT approach thats changing the way agencies operate in the new millennium.” (Emphasis mine)

Breaking Down Barriers, Paul Christin, Homeland Security Specialist for ESRI  2009

Take a look at the data used with GIS to create “situational awareness” for Homeland Security purposes;

ESRI White Paper: Public Safety and Homeland Security Situational AwarenessGIS Situational Awareness Taxonomy  LINK

Common Data
Sources for Public
Safety Situational
Awareness

GIS is a core technology in the situational awareness landscape

Data Mining and Predictive Analytics

To address these issues, Information Builders has introduced Law Enforcement Analytics (LEA) to make all these data sources available for officers across the enterprise – providing a solution for intelligence-led and predictive policing. LEA combines many technologies – including traditional business intelligence (BI) concepts such as dashboards and scorecards, powerful ad hoc and predictive analytics, interactive mapping capabilities, data mining, and enterprise search.  LINK

Beverly Eakman on predictive analytics (Yes. She is talking about its use in schools)

“Today, hundreds of seemingly unrelated pieces of data that reveal political leanings and parental views are fed into a “predictive” computer algorithm. What’s a predictive computer algorithm? Well, it’s a mathematical formula that sifts masses of information, then predicts what a person will probably do, given various hypothetical scenarios. “

More on Predictive Analytics

The potential for good that could come from such a massive amount and variety of information that can be collected, analyzed, shared and integrated and referenced by physical location by GIS is fast overshadowed by the realization of the potential for abuse this technology enables.  And that is no idle concern.  It has transformed what was once one of GIS technologies greatest champions into an outspoken critic who hopes to be able to reverse the course of the technology that he once worked so hard to advance.

KU professor helps create emergency response database 2001

LAWRENCE — If there is such a thing as a weapon against weapons of mass destruction, Jerry Dobson is helping to perfect it. .

The database is supported by a geographical information system (GIS) that combines data from a variety of sources, including best-available census counts of every country in the world, terrain and nighttime lights interpreted from satellite images, road networks and elevations. The LandScan Global Population Database provides the distribution of people in sections even more precise than one square kilometer per cell

. . . The database is already popular among several organizations involved in the war on terrorism, including the United Nations, the World Health Organization and the U.S. State and Defense departments, he said.

. . .While much has been said about this war being unlike any previous one, that point perhaps is best illustrated in the growing importance of the LandScan database. By providing crucial information on population distribution, it is helping authorities balance the need to keep an eye on global developments that affect specific communities.

“I’ve used the expression ‘Global threats to local places,’ and that’s what we are facing now,” Dobson said.

http://www.news.ku.edu/2001/01N/OctNews/Oct11/dobson.html

Between 2001 and 2003 Dobson did an about face.

KU researcher warns against potential threat of ‘geoslavery’

March 5, 2003

LAWRENCE — Jerome Dobson wants to make sure his field of research doesn’t aid the greatest threat to personal freedom.

As a pioneer of geographic information systems (GIS), Dobson, a researcher at the Kansas Applied Remote Sensing Program at the University of Kansas, helped develop the technology that now is commonplace in government, business and practically every aspect of modern life.

Since 1975, Dobson has used GIS for a number of applications — from conducting environmental analyses to identifying populations at risk of terrorism and natural disasters — by combining data sets such as detailed population counts of every country in the world, terrain and nighttime lights interpreted from satellite images, road networks and elevations. Dobson, who is a professor of geography at KU, also is president of the American Geographical Society.

Unfortunately, the same technology that has so many beneficial uses also has the potential to create a highly sophisticated form of slavery, or “geoslavery,” as Dobson calls it. What worries Dobson is that GIS technology easily could be used not only to spy on people but to control them as well.

“It concerns me that something I thought was wonderful has a downside that may lead to geoslavery — the greatest threat to freedom we’ve ever experienced in human history,” he said.

Read More

Here’s one more qualified expert whose words should carry some weight.  GIS is just one more technology that appears to be elemental in what Brzezinski calls the “technotronic era

“The technotronic era involves the gradual appearance of a more controlled society.   Such a society would be dominated by an elite, unrestrained by traditional values. [...] The capacity to assert social and political control over the individual will vastly increase.  It will soon be possible to assert almost continuous surveillance over every citizen and to maintain up-to-date, complete files, containing even most personal information about the health or personal behavior of the citizen in addition to more customary data.   These files will be subject to instantaneous retrieval by the authorities.”

-Zbigniew Brzezinski

 

An Open Challenge to Oklahoma Elected Officials HOW DO YOU DARE!!!!!

Kaye Beach

April 3, 2011

I have set about reading of hundreds of pages of Oklahoma documents that reveal the depth of duplicity that many of our elected officials have engaged in by creating the Oklahoma Health Information Exchange.  I will soon be listing and highlighting these documents and the eye-opening portions therein very soon.Until then I feel compelled get a few things off my chest.

An open challenge to complicit Oklahoma Elected Officials-HOW DO YOU DARE?

You have created a system under the direction of and accepted funds from the federal government even as citizens in Oklahoma demonstrated clearly and loudly that they DO NOT want to participate in an unconstitutional universal health care system controlled by the agencies of the federal government.  You have worked diligently to see that it would be so.

HOW DO YOU DARE?!

You have made it so that any information technology related to health care in this state cannot be extricated from a national system limiting the people of Oklahoma from utilizing technology free from federal control  that could improve their lives and health.

HOW DO YOU DARE?!

You have taken money from the federal government to create a health IT infrastructure in our state for the purpose of gathering the most personal and intimate information about the citizens of this state for the express purpose of sharing that information with a domineering, out of touch and out of control federal government.

HOW DO YOU DARE?!

You have established a system that is makes it nearly impossible for individuals to opt out of.

You have established a system that makes it nearly impossible for physicians to opt out of.

You have established a system that makes it nearly impossible for private, for profit businesses to opt out of.

HOW DO YOU DARE?!

You have established a system that quashes innovation.

HOW DO YOU DARE?!

You have sold us out, lied to us, and  insulted our intelligence.

HOW DO YOU DARE?!

You have painted good legislators into a corner and tied their hands making it next to impossible for them to protect the rights of their constituents.

HOW DO YOU DARE?!

You have consigned the agents and agencies of the state to be lackeys for the federal government.

You have enabled a degree of control over the personal choices and the lives of Oklahoma citizens that is absolutely unprecedented in American history to date and you are laying the foundation of a system of control that will be a roadmap for other states to so enslave their citizens.

You have broken your oath to uphold the state and US constitutions.

You have manipulated, lied, and coerced these people into a system that is offensive to every notion of individual liberty.

You have given over our right of self determination to the federal government.

I want an answer.

HOW DO YOU DARE?!

Show Notes: AxXiom For Liberty Friday Jan. 21 Guest Amanda Teegarden

Listening info

Amanda Teegarden of OK-SAFE will be our special guest this evening.

Amanda Teegarden is the Executive Director of OK-SAFE, Inc., (Oklahomans for Sovereignty and Free Enterprise), an Oklahoma non-profit Oklahoma corporation, dedicated to the principles of the American Free Enterprise system and to the Constitutional Sovereignty of the individual, Oklahoma and the United States.  OK-SAFE

She will give a run down on the upcoming GOP Precinct elections, how they work and what they are for.  Amanda will also tell us about some big changes coming to Oklahoma government.

Here is a great article that explains the importance of the Precinct Chair:

The Most Powerful Office in the World is NOT the President of the United States

Oklahoma GOP Precinct Meetings Feb 1, 2011

______________________________

Going Technotronic?


The technotronic era involves the gradual appearance of a more controlled society. Such a society would be dominated by an elite, unrestrained by traditional values. [...] The capacity to assert social and political control over the individual will vastly increase. It will soon be possible to assert almost continuous surveillance over every citizen and to maintain up-to-date, complete files, containing even most personal information about the health or personal behavior of the citizen in addition to more customary data. These files will be subject to instantaneous retrieval by the authorities.”
https://www.mega.nu/ampp/privacy.html
-Zbigniew Brzezinski

 

 

 

Oklahoma-CapGemini Contract for IT Services main contract
Addendum
Change Order

 

Page 21…   “to automate the collection of 16 agencies reflects an increase from the originally proposed 10 agency /locations.  The State of Oklahoma will provide Capgemini and BDNA resources secure, remote VPN access to the State agencies identified for automated data collection when it is available.  If VPN access is not available, Capgemini and BDNA will be required to physically connect the BDNA tool behind the agency firewall.  Remote access will allow the data to be collected remotely, increasing efficiency, lowering costs and adding a level of flexibility to the collection schedule.

What and who are BDNA?

http://www.informationweek.com/news/infrastructure/management/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=224400254

BDNA Maps The IT Genome

With Microsoft, HP, and others crowding the market, BDNA VP Amit Golan said the company’s shift to data enhancement services is driven by the fact that the market for asset discovery tools has become commoditized.

“It’s not a fight we want to fight anymore,” said Golan, in an interview.

Instead, BDNA will focus on adding value to customers’ discovery data by running it through a massive database called Technopedia that Golan described as the industry’s only, fully comprehensive listing of virtually every IT product in existence.

The database, which includes more than 800,000 data points on over 200,000 IT hardware and software products, is constantly updated by a team of researchers based in China.

We’ve been assembling the building blocks of IT,” said Golan. Technopedia also includes information on software and hardware product version numbers, upgrades, support dates, and more. Customers can access Technopedia and related services through BDNA’s just-launched IT Genome Center, which is an online portal.

What is Capgemini?

Capgemini is a global consulting and information technology firm, with a seasoned approach working collaboratively with many federal, state and local government agencies to help address fiscal challenges and improve the efficiency and quality of IT services delivered to citizens. We work with the Departments of Defense, Homeland Security, Justice, Treasury, Health and Human Services, and Agriculture, as well as multiple state and municipal tax, social welfare, criminal justice and public health departments.

http://www.us.capgemini.com/services-and-solutions/by-industry/public-sector/overview/

They offer a wide range of solutions within four key areas of focus:
o Consulting Services
o Outsourcing Services
o Technology Services
o Local Professional Services

Capgemini helps clients deal with changing business and technology
issues. Read More

2004-The Capgemini pitch to the town of Swansea

Capgemini picked for Swansea eGov project

By Tim Richardson

Hailed as the biggest eGovernment programme of its kind in Wales, service@swansea is set to introduce new ICT systems and working practices which should help reduce paperwork, increase efficiency and make it easier for local residents to contact the council. Read More

Swansea thinks Capgemini deal stinks-gives them the boot!

The Swansea City Council announced on 14 April 2005 that between 50 and 70% of its ICT staff would be transferred to Capgemini as part of the Council’s e-government programme. This announcement comes despite fierce opposition by the Council’s staff and persistent doubts concerning the positive impact of such e-government public-private partnerships (PPPs).

In 2006 The Register reports:

Swansea IT staff shunted to Capgemini

E-gov deal underway

By Tim Richardson

IT staff at Swansea Council have been transferred to Capgemini as part of a controversial £83m e-government outsourcing project designed to modernise the way the council provides its public services.

As part of the first phase, Capgemini intends to overhaul the council’s existing IT systems and working practices as part of an “integrated programme of business process re-engineering and technology transformation”.

The council’s plans to outsource its IT systems as part of its service@swansea e-government scheme was the subject of a bitter eight-week strike in 2004.

Read More

2007  CAPGEMINI AXED!

http://www.computerworlduk.com/news/it-business/4042/swansea-links-up-with-cardiff-after-capgemini-problems/

OKLAHOMA

In 2009 the OK Republican-led legislature created the position of Chief Information Officer (CIO), a new cabinet position appointed by the Governor. (HB 1170)

Oklahoma’s new CIO is Alex Pettit, officed in the Office of State Finance.

The OK CIO has signed a $1 million (actually $999,100) contract with a global company named Capgemini, specializing in Consulting, Technology, and Outsourcing, to perform an assessment of the state’s entire IT systems.

(Capgemini Oklahoma research Information provided by OK-SAFE_)

. . .incorporate Palantir into the wider intelligence environment as part of the Capgemini Intelligence Grid© – a public security architecture and transformation approach that rests on the ability to share information and turn it into real intelligence.

Capgemini Intelligence Grid

MuseGlobal writes about their partnership with Capgemini

Capgemini Government Solutions approached us when they were faced with the challenge of integrating more intelligence and background data that would allow public officials to connect, collaborate on, analyze, investigate and identify public safety risks for government agencies in the U.S. Can’t say more about the client at this point, of course (you understand), but Capgemini needed to expand their vision for providing a broad array of information sources to law enforcement officials that would not be compromised by the typical challenges of content integration and applications development. (MuseGlobal)

Capgemini, ESRI, CISCO, Cognitec

The new public security network fosters collaboration among independent software vendors (ISVs) such as Adobe (interactive forms), Cognitec (facial recognition technology), Daon (identity assurance software and services), ESRI (geographic modeling and mapping technology), Genesys (contact center solutions), Human Inference (solutions to enhance the quality of data), Idematrix (biometric identity management solutions), Ontos (semantic technologies and solutions), Open Text (enterprise content management solutions), technology vendors such as Cisco (IP networks) and systems integrators such as Capgemini and Itelligence. The IVN members are collaborating to solve industry-wide pain points in the areas of investigative case management, intelligence-led policing, identity management, emergency management as well as operational resource management by co-innovating end-to-end business processes running on a common business process platform. Partner applications will leverage the SAP NetWeaver® technology platform.

We have developed the Capgemini Intelligence Grid© to help governments identify and prevent new public security threats. Based on Service-Oriented Architecture, this tool enhances interoperability between Public Security systems, enabling active and efficient collaboration.

Before you know it, the Capgemini Intelligence Grid was extended, integrating content from all of the key sources that law enforcement officials need to catch the bad folks using MuseGlobal’s exclusive MuseConnect architecture. Also unlike other content connectors, our Smart Connectors are maintained by MuseGlobal automatically, so you can keep your entire range of sources normalized through MuseConnect acting as one unified source of content.

Vision 2015

—————————————-

We will be discussing Rep. Morgan’s texting ban and what happened at his press conference on the 18th that the media didn’t tell you about.

The Tulsa World’s report on the event and also my post examining the issue of texting while driving.

Oklahoma Legislative Lu Lu’s or “Lets Play Cell Phone Follies!”

and

Texting Ban Unenforceable? There’s an App for that!

Also, the latest on Real ID.  Is there an alternative?

There is more than one way to skin a cat, don’t you know.

I don’t care who you are; the government does by Mark Lerner

Don’t miss this show!

Join myself and co-host Howard Houchen today from 6-8 pm CST

Okies get Mapped! GIS For Sustainable Development

GIS for planning and community development solving global challenges

Planners engage in a plethora of activities, but their work generally reflects the tension among three main competing interests: equity, economy and the environment, also known as the “three Es.” Regardless of their specialty, planners pay a great deal of attention to the notion of sustainability, which encapsulates these three key elements. link

GIS, the ULTIMATE in societal managementThe more evolved path to tyranny. . .

Never in the history of public and private sector geospatial processing has there been a more urgent need for leadership that understands change.

Another obvious challenge is that the market forces that drive the evolution of technology do not meaningfully, or in any disciplined way, take into full account the needs of science and social processes. Leaders in research, education and government, therefore, share responsibility for understanding industrial development and the state of commercial applications if they wish to define more useful outcomes than those which would otherwise occur by default- outcomes which would in fact be inevitable should leading thinkers and policy planners persist in defending traditional institutional and economic intellectual practices instead of opening themselves to the evolved research and policy requirements of the increasingly complex modern world. (Emphasis mine)

source-The Evolution of Geospatial Technology Calls for Changes in Geospatial Research, Education and Government Management

By Prof. Mike Jackson, David Schell and Prof. D.R. Fraser Taylor
April 06, 2009

GIS in the City of Edmond, Oklahoma

The City of Edmond’s GIS program began in August 1996 with the goal of becoming an enterprise GIS.

This paper will document the data collection processes the City of Edmond followed to acquire the information necessary for the enterprise wide GIS. Also discussed are the on-going efforts to implement an integrated maintenance management system using Cityworks, as well as a permitting and workflow tracking system using PERMITS Plus.  (Read more from the ESRI library)

(If you want to know more about GIS and Sustainable Development and property rights be sure to listen to AxXiom for Liberty LIVE tonight!  See bottom of this post for more info about tonight’s show)

ESRI explains GIS (Geographic Information Systems)

What Is GIS?

By understanding geography and people’s relationship to location, we can make informed decisions about the way we live on our planet.

A geographic information system (GIS) is a technological tool for comprehending geography and making intelligent decisions.

GIS organizes geographic data so that a person reading a map can select data necessary for a specific project or task.

A thematic map has a table of contents that allows the reader to add layers of information to a basemap of real-world locations. For example, a social analyst might use the basemap of Eugene, Oregon, and select datasets from the U.S. Census Bureau to add data layers to a map that shows residents’ education levels, ages, and employment status.(Emphasis mine)

Industry Focus

GIS for Sustainable Development

GIS is an important tool for helping people map out plans for successfully achieving management strategies that are sustainable both at local and global levels.

Esri supports many sustainable development efforts throughout the world. Geographic information systems provide policy makers and planning agencies with visualization tools to manage growth and change. (Emphasis mine)

Here is just one amazing use of GIS…

Regulatory Compliance

Government agencies use GIS to create and enforce environmental legislation. Services and businesses use GIS to comply with environmental regulations and mandates.

In addition, cooperation between agencies is simplified by the use of a central database that can be leveraged for cross purposes such as financial information, ownership, improvements, and plans. Link

GIS for Sustainable Development-ESRI

Sustainable development is the balance of meeting humankind’s present needs while protecting the environment to ensure the fulfillment of future generations’ needs.

The growing human population and its demands on the earth’s resources generate a need for sustainable practices.

Implementing these practices often requires collaboration between different organizations.

ESRI’s commitment to developing interoperable technology sets the stage for cooperation between organizations so that they can make well-informed decisions. GIS software allows users across the globe to share ideas on how to meet their resource needs, plan efficient land use, and protect the environment to guarantee the survival of future generations.


Republic of Cameroon, located in Central Africa.“Since our maps of the reserve are completely georeferenced, the individual farms within the reserve are all coded and the trees within the farms documented, providing us with very good information regarding the trees within the cultivated land that are the responsibility of the farmers to protect. If we discover a felled tree, we simply take its GPS point and can easily determine whether or not the tree is within the reserve, and if so, we can bring the culprit to justice.”

Poor Camaroon!  The people are trying to eek a living from the land and tree killing is a viscous and costly crime…Thank goodness for GIS!

Penalties for removing trees within the reserve include both incarceration and fines ranging from $400 (U.S.) to $2,000 (U.S.), as stipulated by national laws. In addition, the value of the felled trees is calculated and added to the court fines.

Australia

Together, the Australian Research Council, the Queensland Department of Local Government and Planning, and the Hervey Bay City Council developed a sustainable development-based land use scenario for the shire using ArcGIS 8 and a GIS-based planning support system (PSS)–What if? 1.1–developed by Community Analysis and Planning Systems, Inc. (Hudson,

Ohio), an ESRI Business Partner. What makes this project special is that a strategic planning scenario for Hervey Bay 2001-2021 has been formulated based on the principle of sustainable development

OKLAHOMA


See Power Point Oklahoma GIS GeoCIP 2009

THE MODEL

A number of socioeconomic, physical, and environmental data inputs were acquired from a wide range of national, state, and local government agencies and used to formulate the strategic planning scenario. Core physical and environmental data inputs include cadastral land parcels, building footprints, road, sewer, water, land use, remnant vegetation, national parks, state forests, riparian vegetated areas, coastal wetlands, areas of prime agricultural land, areas of indigenous significance, and existing open space.

http://www.esri.com/library/bestpractices/sustainable-development.pdf

Where did the great idea of mapping everything down to the freckles on our behinds come from anyways?

If I’m lyin’, I’m dyin’….


Most sustainable development decisions are inherently multidisciplinary or cross-sectoral, because they require trade-offs between conflicting goals of different sectors. However, most natural resource development agencies are single-sector oriented. Geographic Information System (GIS) technology can help establish cross-sectoral communication – by providing not only very powerful tools for storage and analysis of multisectoral spatial and statistical data, but also by integrating databases of different sectors in the same format, structure and map projection in the GIS system.

The importance of this integrated approach to development and management of natural resources have been emphasised in many international fora on sustainable development. The 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) devoted Chapter 10 of its Agenda 21 to this topic, noting that:

“…Expanding human requirements and economic activities are placing ever increasing pressures on land resources, creating competition and conflicts and resulting in suboptimal use of both land and land resources. If, in the future, human requirements are to be met in a sustainable manner, it is now essential to resolve these conflicts and move towards more effective and efficient use of land and its natural resources. Integrated physical and landuse planning and management is an eminently practical way to achieve this. By examining all uses of land in an integrated manner, it makes it possible to minimise conflicts, to make the most efficient tradeoffs and to link social and economic development with environmental protection and enhancement, thus helping to achieve the objectives of sustainable development. The essence of the integrated approach finds expression in the coordination of the sectoral planning and management activities concerned with the various aspects of land use and land resources.”

http://www.fao.org/sd/eidirect/gis/EIgis000.htm

. . . and they are still plugging away at it.

February 19, 2010

United Nations University and Esri to Collaborate on GIS Research and Training

Redlands, California—Esri and United Nations University (UNU) recently approved a memorandum of understanding (MOU) at the university’s headquarters in Tokyo, Japan. They will collaborate on research, create Centers of Excellence, promote the exchange of graduate students, and provide geographic information system (GIS) training opportunities within and by UNU.

http://www.esri.com/news/releases/10_1qtr/unu.html

There is a lot more to GIS in Oklahoma but that’s probably plenty to digest for the moment.  In the meantime, join myself and Howard Houchen on AxXiom for Liberty Radio


Friday Jan 7, 2010 6-8pm CST
Special Guest Don Casey

Don Casey is the Vice Chair of Alabama’s Alliance for Citizen’s Rights. He and his organization have been at the forefront of many battles to protect private property rights.

“Our system of government has occurred once in the recorded history of mankind.

I ask you, is this the generation that will lay to rest this experiment in limited self-government or is this the generation that will rekindle the great awakenings of the 1700s and bequeath to the next generation the Providential Blessing that we have enjoyed?

http://www.keepourrights.org/

Join us Friday to find out more about sustainable development, how this philosophy in incompatible with our system of government and how to drive it out of your town!

http://www.ruleoflawradio.com/#listen

Have questions for Mr. Casey? Call-in number is 512-646-1984.