Tag Archives: immigration reform

Help Me Stop Mandatory Biometric ID!

Facial Recognition black white

Kaye Beach

Dec. 9, 2013

My name is Kaye Beach.  If you don’t know me, here is the short story;  I’m an ordinary woman, a Christian, a mom, and a wife.  I was a small business woman for about 20 years but for the last six years I have been an activist with one mission – to stop mandatory biometric ID.

I have filed a lawsuit against the state of Oklahoma to challenge the requirement of my biometric data in exchange for a state driver’s license.  I believe that this requirement is a violation of my right to religious freedom and my right to be free of unwarranted searches and seizures both of which are protected under Oklahoma law.  (You can read my Motion for Summary Judgment here)

Biometric means “measurement of the body.”  This is technology is used to measure aspects of an individual and transform this personal data into digital code for the purpose of identification.  With biometrics, your body IS your ID.

Biometric identification creates a perfect connection between our bodies and information about us.  It is also used to control access to places, services and goods and it is being implemented around the world through deception, coercion and stealth.  Industry experts predict that within five years, the majority of the world’s population will be enrolled into one or another biometric identification scheme.

The simple truth is that all of us are being enrolled into a single, global system of identification and control that links our bodies through biometrics to our ability to buy sell and travel (and more!)

My lawsuit is based on the Oklahoma Religious Freedom Act and Article II Sec. 30 of the Oklahoma constitution, our state’s reiteration of the Fourth Amendment which says we have a right to be free of searches and seizures without just cause. When it comes to biometric ID, It makes no difference whether you are a Christian who is preaching the Gospel, an activist protesting injustice, or merely an ordinary person trying to work and feed your family – mandatory biometric ID means ultimate control by government.

Information is power.

As more and more of us are enrolled it is safe to predict that the balance of power that exists between the people and their governments will correspondingly shift further away from the people and towards government.  History shows us that, unerringly, that such power will be abused and the window of opportunity to resist this system of human identification and control is closing.

In the US, enrollment is being accomplished largely through state driver’s license and ID cards.  For example, the current Immigration reform bill seeks to build upon the existing DMV biometric databases and use our biometrics to control our ability to work for a living.

And as Jennifer Lynch of the Electronic Frontier Foundation has testified,

‘The FBI’s Next Generation Identification (NGI) database represents the most robust effort to introduce and streamline multimodal biometrics collection.  FBI has stated it needs “to collect as much biometric data as possible . . . and to make this information accessible to all levels of law enforcement, including International agencies.” Accordingly, it has been working “aggressively to build biometric databases that are comprehensive and international in scope.”’

The state biometric DMV databases are the foundation for corporate and government tracking and control. This is why I am fighting the state’s mandatory biometric ID but I need your help in order to win.

The Constitutional Alliance writes, “Kaye Beach’s lawsuit, is the only substantial challenge to government mandated biometric ID, to my knowledge, that exists anywhere in our country.”

My lawsuit is challenging the compulsory nature of biometric ID.  I want to know – do we have the right NOT to be enrolled?  That is the question that has not been asked, that must be asked in a court of law, and this is why I am asking for your help.  We have one more deposition to complete and then the case should proceed on to the courtroom.  My legal representation is not free and my case will only go forward if people are willing to support it.  I need to raise $20,000 for my legal fees in order to keep my agreement with my legal team and keep my case moving forward.

There are no longer any technical or political barriers to implementing this unprecedented system of global identification and financial control. The only obstacle now is you and I. 

If you want to help me win this first, crucial fight against mandatory biometric enrollment I ask you to please consider contributing whatever you can, to my legal fund.

If you wish to donate to my legal defense fund, you may do so online  through Paypal.com
By US mail, you can send a check or money order to;
Kaye Beach
P.O. Box 722381
Norman, Oklahoma, 73070

(Please make the check out to “Kaye Beach”. You may write “legal defense fund” in the memo section of your check or money order)
Thank you and God Bless,

Kaye Beach

Follow the developments in my legal case at http://constitutionalalliance.org

Contact me at AxxiomForLiberty@gmail.com


The Immigration Reform Bill – Prodding Forth Real ID, an INTERNATIONAL Biometric ID

global biometric id

Kaye Beach

May 14, 2013

On May 10th The Blaze ran a headline that asks; Is There a Scary Biometric ‘National ID System’ Tucked into the Immigration Bill?

The answer is YES!

But wait!  There’s more. . .I sometimes feel like I am belaboring the point but it seems to me the distinction between a national and INTERnational biometric identity system is a very important one.

Study that graphic up there.  It is the simple three step recipe for a single, global biometric identification system.  Read this post then look at it again and see if you can grokk what I’m telling you.

The federal Real ID Act of 2005 imposed federal guidelines that use international standards on state driver’s licenses and ID cards.  You may remeber that at least 25 states said no to Real ID by passing either a law or a resolution against the implementation of the Real ID Act.  Nevertheless, Real ID has continued to be implemented in most states to various degrees.

“By the deadline of January 13, 2013, most states will be substantially or materially or fully compliant with REAL ID” —Janice Kephart, Feb. 2012

It is important to note though, that ALL states are capturing and storing applicants’ digital facial images.  And although not all of the states are actually using this facial biometric as intended by the Real ID Act, eventually they will be.   The immigration reform bill (S.744, the ‘Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act’) will make sure of it.

In case you missed it, now, when you apply for a state driver’s license, a state identification card or any other form of government issued photo ID really, you are having your facial biometrics captured by a high resolution photograph.  High resolution digital cameras capture, map, digitize and database our facial features for the purpose of use by facial recognition technology.

Facial recognition technology enables remote identification and tracking through networked camera systems without our knowledge or consent.  As a matter of fact, facial biometrics is the governments biometric of choice because it can be used to identify and investigate us at-a-distance without our knowledge or consent.

Pay close attention here: This digital image on your state driver’s license or ID card is, by definition, a biometric.

The standard specified in the Real ID regulations for your state driver’s license and ID cards ensures that the digital facial image is facial recognition compatible.  That standard is the adopted standard of the ICAO, the International Civil Aviation Organization, an agency of the UN.

(Want more information?  Read REAL ID – BIOMETRIC FACT SHEET)

International standards exist for one purpose;  to enable the global sharing of that information.

REAL ID is. . .the current face of a far larger, international government and private economic effort to collect, store, and distribute the sensitive biometric data of citizens to use for the twin purposes of government tracking and economic control.” -PA Rep. Sam Rohr

Real ID is technically voluntary for the states.  What the government has always intended, is for Real ID to be practically mandatory for the citizens.  This is why the threat hangs over our heads that if we do not have a Real ID card by a certian date, we will not be able to fly or enter a federal building.

“In the future, only those state issued Driver Licenses and  Identification cards which are fully compliant with the REAL ID act of 2005 will be authorized for use as identification for official federal
government purposes, such as boarding commercial aircraft and entering  certain regulated federal facilities.” Alabama DMV-STAR ID

The road to Real ID compliance has admittedly been a rather slow and arduous one but the Immigration Reform bill (S.744, the ‘Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act’), if passed, will put a stop to any state foot dragging on Real ID because citizens will have to have it in order to work!

 A Real ID compliant driver’s license is specifically named as one of the acceptable ID documents in the bill (but all ID documents specified in the bill are biometric ID’s.)

To be perfectly clear – with S.744, producing your government issued, internationally standardized biometric ID is mandatory.  You will not be able gain permission to work without it. 

In authoritarian societies you must always have permission.

Forget privacy.  That is not what this is about.  This is about the balance of power between us and our government.  This is about control.  If we wish to retain control over our own lives, we will not accept government serializing of our bodies and we won’t allow the government to turn our rights into privileges

The Sec. of the Dept. of Homeland Security also has the option to add any other biometric or security feature as a requirement for those who wished to be employed so facial biometrics is the minimum biometric requirement but iris scans, fingerprints, or any other biometric could be required as well.

The new comprehensive immigration reform bill is not the first step in enrolling US citizens in the global biometric identification system.  The first step was that every government issued ID (especially the driver’s license) captured and collected your biometric data and that that data was collected in accordance with international standards.  The second step is to share your biometric data, to connect databases so that they can get that data flowing freely from the state and local databases on to the federal ones and eventually into global data systems.

One other important step in this global system of identification and control is to make sure we have to produce our global biometric ID for everything.  Or at least everything that we do that government wants to track and control.  And don’t forget that with biometric ID, your body IS your ID.  It’s the databases and not the card we should be focusing on.

Here are a few more facts about the bill as drafted;

Requires ALL potential employees to be authorized to work through the Dept. of Homeland Security.  Even If you are already employed when the proposed law goes into effect, you still will have to go through this authorization process.

Authorization hinges upon biometric identification.  Biometric data, including but not necessarily limited to, digital facial image, is required.  Real ID compliant driver’s licenses are cited as one acceptable form of biometric ID but the bill leaves the door open for the Sec. of the Dept. of Homeland Security to add other security requirements as he or she see fit.

The immigration reform bill requires employers to use a “photo tool” to verify the identity of each employee.  The term ‘photo tool’ is simply a euphemism for facial recognition software that will be used to match the facial biometrics provided by the potential employee to a federal database.

Where will this federal database come from?  I asked this question of Mark Lerner, co-founder of The Constitutional Alliance,  the leading expert on biometrics and the Real ID Act.

Here is his reply:

 “The answer will come in the Rulemaking process. There are two possible scenarios. In either scenario the “key” will be the photos stored in state DMV databases. Whether it will be DHS requiring employers to send photos to DHS and DHS having direct or indirect access to state DMV photo databases or whether DHS will require the photos the employers uses to be provided directly to states for the states to compare to photos in the state DMV database remains unclear. I also believe it is clear DHS will get the photo regardless.”

Access to the biometric data held in state DMV databases will be a must. 

There are reasons I have been having a fit trying to get my biometric data OUT of the state Department of Public Safety database.  I think this bill goes a long way in making my argument for me.  Read more about my lawsuit against the state of Oklahoma for the unwarranted collection of my biometric data here.

There is more to this bill to be concerned about  For instance,  the unconstitutional lack of due process.  Every person must prove they are a US citizen before they can work.  If the system says you do not pass muster, you are required to be terminated from your job at the end of an administrative process.   Will have more info on this and other issues soon.

ultimate control whitehead


update: Just released “Your Body Is Your ID”

This book is a remarkable tool for anyone who is searching for a way to stop our country from being transformed by pervasive surveillance

“Information sharing is appropriate around the world, and DHS plans to create a ‘Global Security Envelope’ of internationally shared biometric data that would permanently link individuals with biometric ID, personal information held by governments and corporations.” –Source: Robert Mocny, DHS


By Mark Lerner, Stop Real ID Coalition

There are a number of proposed “solutions” to address the issues of terrorism and illegal immigration. Within these proposed solutions there is a common denominator, biometrics. This document presents an alternative solution to national/international identification documents that incorporate biometrics. Perceived security is not real security.

Currently the “Real ID Act 2005” is federal law. The Real ID Act calls for federal guidelines for state driver’s licenses. The standard for the digital facial image/photograph is an international standard adopted by the International Civil Aviation Organization, an agency of the United Nations.

The standard is specifically called for in order that the digital facial image/photo is facial recognition compatible. Facial recognition is a biometric. Biometric is defined as “measurement of the body”. Most often we think of fingerprinting when we think of a biometric. DNA is a biometric as well. Facial recognition is based on measuring the distances between key characteristics of a person’s face (center of eyes, nose, ears, lips and so forth). This process is called “mapping” the face.

In 2001 facial recognition technology was used to capture the image of the people that attended the “Super Bowl”. The captured images were then compared to law enforcement databases. Since 2001 facial recognition has been used many times in public places. A person’s facial image is captured either by the use of CCTV (Surveillance cameras or hand held biometric devices, similar to cameras that connect wirelessly to databases).

Congress is now considering proposed legislation, immigration reform that calls for a biometric social security card and a national worker’s identification card.

Many if not most people believe that “biometrics” confirm a person’s identity. That is absolutely not the case. Before a person has their biometrics captured/taken, whether it is for a driver’s license or other identification document, they must first provide what is called breeder documents. Breeder documents are defined as documents needed to acquire identification documents. Examples of breeder documents include birth certificates and social security cards. It is the breeder document that identifies the person. Biometrics simply confirms a person is match or not a match to previously collected biometric samples. It is the breeder documents that establish the identity of the person.

People that enter our country illegally have no problem obtaining counterfeit breeder documents in any major city of the United States. Since breeder documents are not authenticated by state Department of Motor Vehicles those that enter our country illegally can easily obtain authentic state driver’s licenses.

Thousands of young people graduate madrassas every year. Madrassas are Islamic schools where often the most violent form of Islam is taught. These people can enter our country illegally and obtain driver’s licenses with no problem.

Recently Russian spies were caught in the United States. Many of these spies who had been in our country for years had obtained legal United States identification documents including state driver’s licenses using counterfeit breeder documents. Some of the spies have admitted that the names they were known by were not their actual names.

The point being, biometrics did nothing and would do nothing in preventing people from other nations obtaining valid/authentic state driver’s licenses. The people in question could be from the Middle East, South America, Mexico or other countries.

The Constitutional Alliance wants real security and not perceived security (smoke and mirrors). Corporations want seamless (soft) borders that rely on identification documents that incorporate biometrics and RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) chips. The reason multinational corporations want seamless borders is they provide for the expeditious and convenient movement of both people and goods. Time is money to corporations. The longer it takes to move people and goods across our borders the more money it costs corporations. There is no substitute for a thorough inspection of people and goods.

Our government is pushing biometric identification documents because it wants control over citizens. The United States has been promoting the enrollment of all citizens into a single global biometric identification system that directly links a person’s body to financial control of the person.

Robert Mocny (DHSUS-Visit) stated that “information sharing is appropriate around the world,” and DHS plans to create a “Global Security Envelope of internationally shared biometric data that would permanently link individuals with biometric ID, personal information held by governments and corporations.” http://gcn.com/articles/2007/02/04/dhs-pushes-global-data-sharing.aspx

The largest customer of data mining (collection of information from multiple sources) companies is the government. The federal government is using private entities (ex. Lexis-Nexus and ChoicePoint) to gather information about each of us. This use of private companies helps to assist the government in avoiding parts of the 1974 Privacy Act.

The Real ID Act has “restrictions”, what you cannot do without a Real ID compliant driver’s license. The Photo Identification Security Act specifically calls for a Real ID compliant driver’s license before any financial institution can do business with you. “Financial Institution” is not defined. As the legislation reads, a financial institution could apply to any retailer or business that conducts financial transactions.

The cost associated with a National Worker’s Identification Card is staggering. It is difficult to arrive at an exact cost for the price of biometric readers/scanners but Senator Schumer estimates $800 per device. Every employer would be required to have the device or according to Senator Schumer, the employer could take the potential employee to the nearest Department of Motor Vehicle office. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703954904575110124037066854.html

Secretary Napolitano, of Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is on record stating that her preference would be for all states to issues Enhanced Driver’s Licenses.

(Ed. Note; Okla. State Rep. Kenneth Corn attempted to pass such a bill in 2009, much to the delight of the Security Industry Associations(SIA), CEO, Richard Chase who sent Rep. Corn a “thank you” note

These “licenses” would contain a RFID chip and a person’s biometrics. RFID technology is advancing at a rapid pace. The distances that RFID chip transmissions can be read are increasing rapidly.

If Senator Schumer and Secretary Napolitano have their way every retailer, bank or other place that business is conducted will have both biometric and RFID devices/scanners.

Everywhere and anywhere we go the government will have the ability to know what we are doing, where we are doing it at and who we are with. Does this sound like a “free” society or a “surveillance” society? We have all witnessed multiple abuses of power in our lifetime. Should we be providing laws and technologies that will be used on U.S. citizens? For decades J. Edgar Hoover was the Director of the FBI. It is well documented that he kept a “little black book” which contained secrets about elected leaders, heads of corporations, some in the media and many private citizens. Imagine if he had the laws and technologies of today.

Ask yourself if what our country is doing is about providing security? DHS has a goal this year of only preventing 29% of the illegal people and goods from entering our country through authorized border patrol checkpoints. http://homelandsecuritynewswire.com/how-effective-cbp-keeping-us-borders-safe Our borders are undeniably wide open. If the goal is to stop 29% at authorized checkpoints, what is the goal where there are no checkpoints?

E-Verify is touted as the way to prevent people, in our country illegally, from obtaining jobs. E-Verify is 99% accurate if U.S. citizens are being vetted. When those in our country illegally are vetted by E-Verify, the system provides incorrect information over half the time (54%) of the time. http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2010/02/25/e-verify-misses-half-illegal-workers-report-finds/


In light of the recent ruling overturning the immigration enforcement provisions of the new Arizona immigration law (leaving the state only with what amounts to converting state licenses into national ids), patriots and state legislators across the country are looking for real solutions to fix the federal government’s failure to secure the border against illegal immigration.
This concept below fulfills all of what the Arizona law attempted to do. However, it contains several upgrades. It does not contain the problem that conflicts with the Supremacy Clause in the Constitution. Unlike the Arizona law, it protects the private data of law abiding state citizens and prevents that data from being used to turn state licenses into national/international ids. Best of all it accomplishes the entire intent of what the sponsors of the Arizona law attempted to do while leaving the entire solution in the hands of the states.

We must begin authenticating the birth certificate
. Nearly every citizen has a birth certificate, certificate of birth or other document that provides the name of the individual and the place of their birth. For Americans born overseas (military dependent or government employees and others), embassies and consulates create their birth records.

The Constitutional Alliance proposes a “hub” telecommunications system. The hub would not retain information but only act as a conduit. On one end would be all state Department of Motor Vehicle offices and on the other end would be the state agencies (vital statistics, Dept. of Health and so on) that would maintain a digital copy of all birth certificates, certificates of birth or other legal documents that establish the name, place and date of birth, of citizens.

Each state would not just digitize these “breeder documents” but also sequentially number them. Nearly all U.S. citizens have a birth certificate or other legal document establishing when and where they were born.

Once such a document is used for the issuance of a state ID, the “system” would record the document number assigned to the birth certificate or other legal instrument. If another person attempted to use the same numbered document to obtain a driver’s license or state identification card, the “system” would send an “alert” notifying authorities of potential fraud, by either the first or second person. It would not take law enforcement more than a few minutes to determine who was the guilty party. If a person attempted to use a counterfeit birth certificate or other such document the “system” would alert authorities that said numbered document was not in the “system.

By authenticating the birth certificate or other such document, the issue of citizenship status is no longer in question. The state driver’s license would serve as proof of citizenship.

Our solution does not just answer the need for a document to show or prove citizenship status, but it also eliminates the need for federal guidelines for state driver’s licenses. Further, U.S. citizens would not be enrolled into a global biometric identification system. States would solely control the hub/process. Our solution does not require any type of national or more precisely international identification card that would place our religious freedom, privacy, states’ rights or sovereignty, at risk.

There could be occasion to issue state driver’s licenses to foreign nationals. In those cases the state driver’s license or state identification card issued to the foreign national would be different in appearance from the driver’s licenses issued to U.S. citizens. The expiration date on the driver’s licenses foreign nationals would receive would reflect the date of expiration of the visa the foreign national is issued.

There may very well be a very small number of citizens that either do not have original or “certified true” copies of their birth certificate. They can obtain a certified true copy of their birth document from the state where they were born. In those very rare cases when that is not possible to obtain an original or certified true copy we understand the federal government may be needed to establish a person’s citizenship or residency status as a last resort.


In light of the recent ruling overturning the immigration enforcement provisions of the new Arizona immigration law (leaving the state only with what amounts to converting state licenses into national ids), patriots and state legislators across the country are looking for real solutions to fix the federal government’s failure to secure the border against illegal immigration

The federal government has an addiction to information collecting. That information is the personal information of all U.S. citizens not just of those suspected of being a threat to our country. Today we are presumed guilty until found innocent. The current biometric system is fueled by the massive collection of personal information and this system is destroying our religious freedom, privacy rights and states’ rights. Our bodies are linked to financial transactions as part of an international system of identification and financial control. Our personal information is subjected to illegal searches and sharing, all without a warrant or probable cause and states, where the people have more control over government, are commanded to give up their ID documents to serve the wishes of international organizations and multinational corporations.

In the past our personal information was spread among many federal agencies and departments to include the Social Security Administration, the IRS, the FBI, Department of Defense and so forth. Since the inception of the Department of Homeland Security our personal information is being centralized. Information is power and no single agency or department of the federal government should have that much power/control. (All emphasis added)

DHS has been caught using three different spying programs on U.S. citizens. http://www.politicsdaily.com/2010/04/21/three-more-domestic-spying-programs-revealed/ DHS also mislead Congress and the American people about the role biometrics have in the Real ID Act 2005. The role of biometrics in the PASS ID Act would be no different. PASS ID has been introduced to replace Real ID because half the states have stood up and said “NO” to Real ID. PASS ID is the proverbial wolf dressed in sheep’s clothing.

In July, 2010 The Washington Post did a series on the issue of intelligence gathering. http://politifi.com/news/Washington-Post-Intelligence-Series-949795.html

The bottom line of that article is our country’s intelligence people including DHS are collecting so much information that we cannot manage or control the information being collected. We continue to grow the size of the haystack while attempting to find the needle.

This year I had the opportunity to tour a “Fusion Center”. The Director of the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation (OSBI) took questions from others and me in attendance that included pastors and state lawmakers. When I asked the OSBI head, Director Langley if he supported the government collecting the DNA of all citizens he replied, “No, I support the presumption of innocence”.

When I explained to him that facial recognition (high resolution digital facial images) and DNA were both biometrics you could see his face tighten. He knew what my next question would be. “How can you oppose the collection of DNA based on the presumption of innocence and turn around and support the mandating of all citizens having to provide a high resolution digital facial image, another biometric? Director Langley said law enforcement needed photos. I told him I agree but the photos should not be high resolution, facial recognition compatible photos. I reminded him that for decades low resolution photos that were not intended to be used by facial recognition appeared on driver’s licenses with no problem.

(Ed. Note.  A photo that is perfectly suitable for visually comparing a person to their driver’s license does not require that the level of resolution needed for facial recognition technology.  The only reason to capture and use such images is for facial recognition which works without your knowledge or permission being necessary)

Recently, I had the opportunity to address a group of people in Arkansas. There were roughly 50 people in attendance. I asked everyone that had a birth certificate to raise their hand. All but one person raised their hand. As I explained the inadequacy with E-Verify and further articulated the threat of a national/international ID card, I could see the people in the room sensing there was more to come. I detailed our solution/alternative to what the federal government was doing (Read ID, E-Verify, biometric SS card and a national worker’s identification card) and the people in the room “got it”. They loved our proposed hub system of authenticating breeder documents (birth certificates). Those in attendance also understood that by implementing our solution, legislation such as Arizona S.B.1070 was not needed, at least as written. There would be no need for U.S. citizens to have their information provided to DHS. The driver’s license would be proof of citizenship.

Finally, they realized our solution offered real security not perceived security. Securing our borders and authenticating breeder documents is not a choice but rather a necessity if we are to protect our country without sacrificing our liberty.

Immigration Reform Could Mean National ID Card for All Workers

On Friday, President Obama renewed his call for Congress to act on immigration reform this year.

The president said that the absence of legislation creates a vacuum that would lead to more counter-productive state and local initiatives like an Arizona law making lack of proper immigration status a crime under state law.


The silly states can’t do anything right.  We need to handle this for them.

I am not happy at all with AZ’s legislation for a variety of reasons but one of the benefits of sovereignty is to allow for experimentation.  Although experimentation may cause a few accidents in the labs of the states, it also leads to discovery and innovation. The questing spirit which is responsible for the founding and unique of this nation is embodied in these two words-discovery and innovation.  How much standardizing, centralizing and control can America take before losing the spirit that gave  us the  reputation for being the land of freedom and country where the  enterprising can flourish?

Immigration Reform Could Mean National ID Card for All Workers

A national identification card of any sort has long been thought politically unfeasible in Washington, D.C.

But the idea is again receiving attention as part of an immigration reform plan gaining ground on Capitol Hill.

In 1981, a Reagan-era Cabinet meeting famously took up the idea of a national ID, according to the 1990 book, Revolution: the Reagan Legacy, by former domestic policy adviser Martin Anderson.

In that meeting, Secretary of the Interior James Watt fulminated against a national ID as “the mark of the beast,” a biblical phrase alluding to Satan.

Reagan quashed the plan with the sarcastic comment that perhaps newborns should be branded with an ID number.

Watt’s remark and Reagan’s acid jest reveal the deep-rooted resistance to national identification in the American political culture.

Enemies on both the right and left will greet any new ID scheme as evidence of an incipient totalitarianism.

Nonetheless, a national ID proposal of one form or another has returned with cyclical regularity. Most notably, this occurred in the aftermath of Sept. 11, 2001, when security concerns momentarily gave a national ID some traction, thought not enough to turn it into reality.