Tag Archives: intelligence led policing

Intelligence Led Policing and Fusion Centers: How the IACP Helped the USA to Cross the Rubicon

Kaye Beach

Jan 12, 2011

Part I

This is part one of a long dissertation on fusion centers.   This segment mostly deals with the ideology of intelligence led policing and the beginnings of fusion centers which I think is critical to understanding the threats to our freedoms posed by them.

Fusion Centers and Intelligence Led Policing –A New Paradigm

Fusion Centers are DATA FUSION CENTERS.

Fusion centers are really data fusion centers. The physical centers aren’t much to see because the real work happens in the computer networks.  Since 9 11, the US government has enthusiastically embraced the idea that by collecting, collating and sharing massive amounts information about all of us, criminals and terrorists can be identified preemptively.

The principal role of the fusion center is to compile, analyze, and disseminate criminal/terrorist information and intelligence and other information (including, but not limited to, threat, public safety, law enforcement, public health, social services, and public works) to support efforts to anticipate, identify, prevent, and/or monitor criminal/terrorist activity.   Source http://www.scribd.com/doc/19251638/Fusion-Center-Guidelines-Law-Enforcement

Would you be surprised to know that public schools are one of the data sources for fusion center? How about health and medical information?

This is what fusion centers do, they collect and share information.  This is supposed to help us to catch terrorists or criminals but it is also a darn good method to control the masses.  Think about it-large data sets are prerequisite for any effective social control.  That is true no matter whether it was 100 years ago or today.

Fusion centers were largely funded by the federal government and they took off beginning in the mid 2000’s.  As of 2011, there are officially 73 fusion centers in the US and each state has at least one.  http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/gc_1301685827335.shtm

The International Association of Chiefs of Police

The not-so-fabulous idea of fusion centers has been driven, hell-bent-for-leather by the International Association of Chiefs of Police or IACP for short. They can’t take all the credit for them but if you start poking around you will find the same thing I have, that the IACP gets lots of the credit.  Why is this important?  Number one, The IACP is a non-governmental organization.  Want to know more about them?  Try filing a Freedom of Information Act request.  You won’t get anything because as a non-governmental organization they aren’t accountable for squat.  Problem number two, the IACP is an international organization. And if there is not enough wrong with a non-governmental, international organization driving policy that represents a marked departure from long established American ideals (such as the presumption of innocence) this NGO was granted Consultative Status by the United Nations in 1974 (pg. 71). link  As I have said many times before, I am sure the UN is a swell organization but policy that is otherwise accepted internationally often run afoul of cherished precepts established by the US Constitution.

“. . .unprecedented initiatives have been undertaken to reengineer the law enforcement intelligence function.” 2004   link

And if you still don’t see a problem, wait till you see what the IACP thinks about the Second Amendment.

In March 2002, a year before the creation of the Department of Homeland Security, the International Association of Chiefs of Police called for a national plan for sharing intelligence.  The recommendations of the IACP led to the drafting of a National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan in October 2003. This policy institutionalized Intelligence Led Policing nationwide.

The National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan, developed by Global in partnership with the IACP, is the first of its kind in this country — and promises to bring us closer to achieving the goal, expressed at your 2002 Summit, of “intelligence-led policing.” From The Police Chief, vol. 74, no. 4, April 2007

According to the National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan, criminal intelligence is “information compiled, analyzed, and/or disseminated in an effort to anticipate, prevent, or monitor criminal activity.”

I will be accused of being an incorrigible libertarian (as if this is a bad thing!) but I have to say it.  Here is where we really crossed the Rubicon. This national intelligence policy along with many others that have followed, have turned traditional policing on its head. If I didn’t feel so bad for us first, I’d really pity the cops. Civilian policing has necessarily been fairly tightly limited to reacting or responding to crimes.  The reason is that pesky constitution of ours and the presumption of innocence that is foundational to the sort of justice system the US claims to aspire to.

A quick rundown on the policy development of fusion centers from the Electronic Privacy Information Center–  In May 2004, the Department of Justice announced its progress in implementing the National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan. The announcement made public the decision to create a Criminal Intelligence Coordinating Council (CICC) that would be managed by Global. By December 2004, the push for a national Fusion Center initiative received a boost when the Department of Justice sponsored Global Infrastructure/Standards Working Group published A Framework for Justice Information Sharing: Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). States using local, state, and federal funds created information Fusion Centers. In August 2005, Global published the Fusion Center Guidelines.

All of the above named organizations are seeded with IACP members or are heavily influenced by the IACP or both.   For example;  “Global represents the IACP . . .This influential group works to address the many policy, privacy, connectivity, and jurisdictional issues that hamper effective justice information sharing.” –THE HONORABLE DEBORAH J. DANIELS, 2007

Intelligence Led Policing: A Turning Point in Policing in the US

Intelligence Led Policing is based on the UK’s National Intelligence Model.  The US and UK, while similar in many respects, nonetheless have one major difference that makes the implementation of Intelligence Led Policing in the US fraught with difficulty.  The US Constitution guarantees certain rights to the citizens of this nation that are not recognized by government of the UK.  Americans have a justified expectation that the government instituted to protect life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness will always afford due respect for the autonomy and privacy  of law abiding individuals.

Intelligence-Led Policing in the United States
Biot Report #474: November 02, 2007
United States domestic law enforcement authorities, like their counterparts in Great Britain, have moved to an ―intelligence-led policing paradigm, as described elsewhere. (1) The terrorist events of September 11, 2001 prompted a March 7-8, 2002, Summit in Alexandria, Virginia, of over 120 criminal intelligence experts from across the U.S., titled Criminal Intelligence Sharing: Overcoming Barriers to Enhance Domestic Security. Funded by the US government and organized by the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), the Summit became a turning point in policing in the U.S. (2)

The 2002 IACP sponsored Summit participants examined closely the United Kingdom’s National Intelligence Model.  Read more or access document here; IACP Intelligence-Led-Policing-the-New-Paradigm 2007 111

Criminal Intelligence Sharing: Overcoming Barriers to Enhance Domestic Security

Intelligence-led policing is part of a larger trend of blurring the distinction between national security and domestic policing, or the state’s military and police functions.  This ‘blurring” is purposeful and deliberate.  Many policy watchers have been tracking the fast disintegration of boundaries separating government functions since 9 11 with dismay.  Most recently the issue has gained some attention with the passage of the NDAA which would allow the military to indefinitely detain terror suspects, including American citizens, without charge or trial.

Intelligence Led Policing is based on Utilitarian philosophy

The Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP) mission is to gather, analyze, and disseminate intelligence data, in an effort to thwart the next terrorist attack or prevent the commission of a major felony. In applying a utilitarian philosophy to prevention efforts, the “greatest good for the greatest number,” is to detect preoperational terrorist acts and prevent another 9/11.  –Thomas J. Martinelli, International Association of Chiefs of Police LINK

We often remind ourselves that it is better to let ten guilty men go free than to put one innocent in jail.  The Utilitarian’s think it is the other way around and now we are all guilty until proven otherwise.

Utilitarianism-Natural rights?  Nonsense on stilts!

Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism, where punishment is forward-looking.  Justified by the ability to achieve future social benefits resulting in crime reduction, the moral worth of an action is determined by its outcome.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justice

In other words-The Ends Justifies the Means

Jeremy Bentham is one example of a famous Utilitarian philosopher.  Bentham lauded state power over citizens and referred to the idea of natural rights as “nonsense on stilts”

Bentham was  also the designer of the Panopticon which was an institutional total surveillance structure that was described by Bentham as “a new mode of obtaining power of mind over mind, in a quantity hitherto without example” Link The Panopticon was designed to induce a perception of permanent visibility in its subjects for the purpose of social control. “What matters” according the Jeremy Bentham, “is that he knows himself to be observed”

Intelligence Led Policing is based upon collecting, sharing and analysis of information.   High tech surveillance devices and information sharing across all levels of government without regard to jurisdiction are two key features of Intelligence Led Policing and this school of thought is central to the functioning of state fusion centers.

The Panopticon and Intelligence Led Policing have a lot in common;

Intelligence-led policing is future focus in Rochester, 2010

“You’re less likely to do something (wrong) if you think somebody’s watching,” McAleer said. Or even, maybe , foreseeing. Computerized analysis of crime data might give officers a lead on where to be to prevent crimes.. . . “This is the direction of policing in this country,” he said. Read more

Welcome to “The New Paradigm”

The IACP has been the tip of the spear in ushering in “The New Paradigm” (as Intelligence Led Policing is often referred to) in policing and national security.  Fusion Centers are part and parcel of this New Paradigm.

The New Paradigm according to the International Association of Chiefs of Police;

“. . . means that all the physical and conceptual walls associated with the modern, sovereign state—the walls that divide domestic from international, the police from the military, intelligence from law enforcement, war from peace, and crime from war—are coming down.” Source-THE NEW PARADIGM—MERGING LAW ENFORCEMENT AND COUNTERTERRORISM STRATEGIES Secure Cities 2006 http://www.scribd.com/doc/21970726/IACP-Intelligence-Led-Policing-2006-New-Paradigm

Intelligence Led Policing represents a profound philosophical shift in American policing.  The United States police have operated under individual rights oriented and evidence based form of policing for 200 years.  The New Paradigm requires collecting and analyzing massive amounts of data, not limited to criminals or suspects but about all us.   It is preemptive rather than reactive.  The New Paradigm wants our police forces to be part of the ever expanding intelligence apparatus.

If some subversive organization wanted to eradicate those infernal, constitutional sticking points that make harmonizing the USA into an internationalized system so awkward, it couldn’t do better than to set into motion a standardized, nationalized domestic surveillance and control construct based on preemptive, preventive, risk based, rather than rights based,  policing.

Getting the Gist of GIS-Geographic Information Systems

Kaye Beach

April 18, 2011

“The real danger is the gradual erosion of individual liberties through automation, integration, and interconnection of many small, separate record-keeping systems, each of which alone may seem innocuous, even benevolent, and wholly justifiable.”    U. S. Privacy Study Commission

GIS- Geographic Information System

“GIS is a computer system for capturing, storing, checking, integrating, manipulating, analyzing and displaying data related to location. What separates GIS from other types of information/databases is that everything is based on location (georeference).” Link

“GIS organizes geographic data so that a person reading a map can select data necessary for a specific project or task. A thematic map has a table of contents that allows the reader to add layers of information to a basemap of real-world locations. For example, a social analyst might use the basemap of Eugene, Oregon, and select datasets from the U.S. Census Bureau to add data layers to a map that shows residents’ education levels, ages, and employment status.” Link

GIS is promoted as a valuable management tool for almost every imaginable aspect of society worldwide.

“Understanding the Earth as a system requires that our scientific information systems be conceptualized in such a way that they are capable of interfacing with one another and ultimately able to function as a single unified system” link

GIS is a powerful integrator of information and technology-

“As we learn to link biometrics to biographic, geospatial, social networks and other forms of data, we can develop patterns of activities for both individuals and organizations, resulting in tactical and strategic situational awareness and intelligence advantage.”   LINK

There is one thing you should keep in mind while reading this article; that information about you is valuable and powerful.

Whoever keeps and controls your information has the power to keep and control you.  Our wealth, reputations and perceived worth is bundled into something we call data and this data is, in reality, what we are assessed on in just about every aspect of our lives. From legal or financial decisions to political and personal opportunities-it is the information, the data about us that usually matters most.

Some definitions:

The word enterprise is used often to describe information systems in both business and government so it’s a good idea to understand what the term means.

Enterprise Information Systems– Enterprise Information Systems provide a technology platform that enables organizations to integrate and coordinate their business processes. They provide a single system that is central to the organization and ensure that information can be shared across all functional levels and management hierarchies. (Emphasis mine)  LINK

Geodata- isanyinformation with a geographic component.

GIS Enables Mass Surveillance

Mass Surveillance is the pervasive surveillance of an entire population, or a substantial fraction thereof.

Mass surveillance enables social control

Social control refers generally to societal and political mechanisms or processes that regulate individual and group behavior, leading to conformity and compliance to the rules of a given society, state, or social group

GIS-What’s it good for?

“Geographic information system (GIS) technology leverages this geographic insight to address social, economic, business, and environmental concerns at local, regional, national, and global scales.”link

This article, The Evolution of Geospatial Technology Calls for Changes in Geospatial Research, Education and Government Management, written in 2009,  provides some useful insight about the potential for GIS technology to help create “more useful results” The authors, Jackson, Schell and Taylor explain that geospatial technologies have evolved and converged with a wide variety of other information technologies over the last fifteen years.

“Now they are of a piece, they “talk to one another” and interact freely in a fertile communications environment of wireless broadband, portable cell phone/computers, sensor-webs and, of course, the dynamically evolving environment of the World Wide Web.”

Jackson, Schell and Taylor explain the value of GIS tech for “industry stakeholders”, who are apparently on a mission to save us all.

“. . .expansion of human population and industry has brought humanity to a point of converging crises, and diverse industry stakeholders see geospatial technology in this context as a critical factor in enabling humanity to avoid disaster”

These GIS experts believe that  enlightened leaders must exert control over people and markets in order to bring about what they believe to be “more useful results” than would occur if people and markets were permitted to self-arrange.  In other words GIS is a tool for the managers and planners of society to control populations and the economy to produce the outcome that they know is best.

Jackson, Schell and Taylor write;

“. . . the market forces that drive the evolution of technology do not meaningfully, or in any disciplined way, take into full account the needs of science and social processes.”

I am no economist but the market forces or the law of supply and demand just observes that if there is a need for something the profit seeking market will oblige and at a price that reflects the real value of the service or good. What do the “needs of science” or “social processes” have to do with it?   Seems like if the market forces are not providing,   then there must not be a demand or the need is not one that can be met through the market.  Maybe they want “market forces” to address something that is beyond its scope and if that is true does this mean they want to bend those forces to serve a purpose it is not capable of?

Jackson, Schell and Taylor have an answer for those like me who might be hopelessly outdated in their ways of thinking;

“Public servants are warned away from the old fashioned approach should leading thinkers and policy planners persist in defending traditional institutional and economic intellectual practices.”

The “old fashioned approach” is the one that still dominates the thinking of many Americans.   I believe that Jackson, Schell and Taylor’s “traditional institutional practices” includes thepersistent idea that every individual has certain unalienable rights not grated them (and therefore not to be taken away from us) by government, as one that leading thinkers and policy planners need to be warned away from.  What should these thinkers and policy planners be focusing on instead?

“The point is, that governments should be thinking strategically about how geospatial technology should be positioned, through policy and law, to contribute as fully as possible to the social welfare and international cooperation. . .” 

Read More about The Evolution of Geospatial Technology

Here are just a few of the sectors of government, society actively utilizing GIS technology;


Regulatory Compliance

“Government agencies use GIS to create and enforce environmental legislation. Services and businesses use GIS to comply with environmental regulations and mandates.

In addition, cooperation between agencies is simplified by the use of a central database that can be leveraged for cross purposes such as financial information, ownership, improvements, and plans.”(Emphasis mine) Link

Health and Human Services

GIS as a tool for the health industry entails leveraging a variety of personal and spatial data for the purpose of “creating a state of health

Location, location, location

Spatial data is is information related to place.

“The old real estate addage that “location is everything” holds a new meaning in today’s world. Not only can location tell us about where we are, it can also tell us about who we are and what we do. The spatial data systems that store and integrate facts about us are becoming just as, if not more, important than the maps that they produce. Location is the unique characteristic that can join disparate data sets and uncover a variety of information about our daily lives.”  Spy in the Sky: Spatial Data Privacy Issues in Geographic Information Systems

The touted benefits of GIS for health are many but the catch is too much to swallow.

You first have to accept the idea that information is equivalent to knowledge or wisdom and then you have to have utter faith that the government health managers will be eternally generous and utterly benevolent to all individuals-always. Personally, I say no thanks…but really, they aren’t asking us to agree.  They are simply doing it.  And they are doing it globally I might add.

The UN’s Millennium Development Goals

Harmonizing health information systems with information systems in other social and economic sectors.

The Millennium Declaration of eight development goals (MDGs) has intensified international pressure to strengthen information systems to monitor 48 target indicators–18 of which are health-related
. . .Geographical information systems provide coherent demonstrations of geographical disparities in poverty, social determinants and service delivery. Several systems are in use, for example, DevInfo has a mapping facility within it, and HealthMapper (42) is a WHO system for mapping public health data. The UN has set up a working group to agree standards and achieve some compatibility in core data and geographical boundaries.”

Barack Obama, September 22, 2010   ” And today, I’m announcing our new U.S. Global Development Policy — the first of its kind by an American administration. [. . .] it outlines our new approach and the new thinking that will guide our overall development efforts, including the plan that I promised last year and that my administration has delivered to pursue the Millennium Development Goals.  Put simply, the United States is changing the way we do business

Remarks by the President at the Millennium Development Goals Summit in New York, New York

By 2020, public health information systems in the United States, such as disease registries, will be integrated into grids linked by the National Health Information Network (NHIN) that will utilize the Next Generation Internet (NGI) or Internet2.

The following is from a GIS project report, Reflection and Comment Health GIS in the mid-west: Unexpected developments and directions, by Frank Houghton, Ireland.  The paper mostly focuses on the success of the project but it also includes some of Mr. Houghten’s concerns about the technology and how it is being utilized.

As noted in this report, GIS is being used as a powerful tool for central planning.  Under the heading of central planning falls the correcting the unequal distribution of resourceswhich, of course, is another way of saying “redistribution of wealth

A major focus of GIS should be in using it as a tool to help explore and highlight and fight inequality and poverty” 

Writing about the data being collected and geo-referenced on population health in Ireland, Frank Houghton notes;

“This report included not only ‘standard’ information, such as Census small area population     statistics and deprivation data, but also information from a host of previously unmapped and inaccessible computerised health information systems.”


Mr. Houghton also refers to a “disquieting” aspect of the approach to GIS that emerged during this project.

“. . .the way in which it was discussed was very clearly connected with the issue of control. These overtones bring to mind sociological discussions around the issue of technology as a tool of oppression”

Houghton concludes;

. . .It is apparent that GIS has the potential to not merely maintain the status quo, but to be used actively as a means of management command and control.”

Frank Houghton Irish Centre for Research on Applied Social Studies, Limerick Institute of Technology and National Institute for Regional and Spatial Analysis

GIS is the Great Integrator

“Today’s GIS is foundational—it is based on open technologies and industry standards, meaning that it integrates fully with existing information systems. . . Geographic information systems bring together data from any source.” (Emphasis Mine)  IACP

“Geographic Information System (GIS) technology can help establish cross-sectoral communication – by providing not only very powerful tools for storage and analysis of multisectoral spatial and statistical data, but also by integrating databases of different sectors in the same format, structure and map projection in the GIS system.”


“As we learn to link biometrics to biographic, geospatial, social networks and other forms of data, we can develop patterns of activities for both individuals and organizations, resulting in tactical and strategic situational awareness and intelligence advantage.”   LINK

Are we starting to get the gist of all of this?

GIS for Global Health

Global Public Health Grid (GPHG)



 The World Health Organization (WHO) and National Center of Public Health Informatics (NCPHI) have forged collaboration on a Global Public Health Grid (GPHG) initiative to enable global data exchange and collaborative development of globally shareable and interoperable systems, tools and services.  GPHG aims to improve global public health by providing a standards-based informatics platform, and collaboratively developing and implementing a wide range of public health informatics applications and services leveraging widely distributed global expertise, thus enabling dissemination and exchange of information across different jurisdictional levels.


Public Health Mapping and GIS

International Health Regulations Coordination

“There is an urgent need to invest in the development and roll-out of a public health mapping and monitoring system at the subnational level in all countries as the basis for global, regional and national responses to the main health threats of the 21st century” Link



2007 A global partnership

“Since its establishment in the 1990s, the Programme has built a global partnership involving WHO Member States, WHO Regional Offices and Country Offices, other UN agencies and bilateral partners, universities and research institutions, collaborating centres, the private sector and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

[. . .]” Public health mapping and GIS enable the standardization of surveillance data from village level to global level and across diseases, as well as the analysis of health-related data from other sectors such as education, environment or official development assistance. In addition, target populations can be precisely located and profiled without time-consuming and costly field research” LINK


Oklahoma Health and GIS

Oklahoma State Department of Health Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Needs Assessment and Requirements Analysis Report of Findings and Recommendations 2008


Historically, the model of GIS coordination at OSDH has been decentralized.


OSDH can better focus mapping activities by continuing with and expanding upon the centralization efforts that were initiated in 2006 with the hiring of the GIS Coordinator and strengthened by the creation of the GIS Advisory Committee. Carefully guided centralization efforts will provide for efficient and effective application of GIS technology. Pg 1

There is a need to normalize datasets and to create agency-wide identifiers for people and facilities to enable higher quality analysis and program evaluation.

The Health Informatics Council and its subcommittees are addressing people identifiers.

Pg 3


In 1994 the Oklahoma Legislature passed and the Governor signed a bill that authorized the Oklahoma Conservation Commission to prepare a “Strategy for Developing a GIS for the State of Oklahoma” and created the State GIS Council to assist the Conservation Commission in this project. The Conservation Commission serves as the chair of the State GIS Council. For more information on the State GIS Council, visit their web site at http://www.okmaps.onenet.net.

In 2007, the Council expanded on the initial goals set forth in the legislation, identifying eight primary issues in the development of the strategy http://www.okmaps.onenet.net/mission.htm

More information about GIS development in Oklahoma

Oklahoma Office of Geographic Information

Strategic & Business Plan for Fiscal Years 2008 – 2010

Oklahoma GIS “Next Steps” 

“Expand the GeoCIP® GIS to include social and economic assets,(Emphasis mine) such as demographics, schools, social or cultural groups, business establishments, land parcels, sales or tax records, workforce, etc. for comprehensive asset mapping and economic development planning”

Source-Oklahoma GI Council presentation dated 6 November 2009

Data Fusion Centers

More uses for GIS

Public Safety

Natural Resources

Even more uses for GIS


GIS for Law Enforcement and Homeland Security

Under Public Safety falls Fire and Emergency, Homeland Security, Law Enforcement.  Here are some excerpts from a paper entitled“Breaking Down Barrierswritten in 2009by Paul Christin.   I think gives a good picture of the function of GIS in this area.

Policing, Intelligence, Fusion

How Can This Be Done?

“Geographic information systems (GIS) have long been used by government agencies to build and maintain data and provide numerous services. Local, state and federal agencies have built large spatial databases over many years of GIS use. GIS mapping technology has become more prevalent in law enforcement and homeland security agencies in recent years. Indeed, geospatial capabilities within data fusion and intelligence centers — for both law enforcement and homeland security — are essential for collecting diverse data from multiple sources.              

A GIS-enabled platform integrates existing tools (such as link analysis, remote sensing and computer modeling) and emerging technologies (such as video surveillance, hazardous material detectors, license plate readers and biometric sensors). GIS links information systems with data capture devices and uses geography or the geographic component of data to link these independent pieces into a single, comprehensive whole.

GIS works within IT as the framework to capture, model, identify and manipulate data about behavior. . .To prevent crime or terrorist acts, you need something that can help track and model behavior to understand where problems are emerging. GIS technology can quickly access and integrate relevant variables (the location of incidents, common elements, time sequence, geographic features common to incident types, demographics and other variables) that establish patterns and trends. These results can then be fused with dynamic data feeds (traffic patterns, camera surveillance, 9-1-1 calls, weather, etc.) to develop comprehensive situational awareness.

Information, once captured, can be integrated with other data, analyzed and disseminated to anyone who needs it, no matter the location or agency for which the requester works. It’s a new law enforcement and homeland security IT approach thats changing the way agencies operate in the new millennium.” (Emphasis mine)

Breaking Down Barriers, Paul Christin, Homeland Security Specialist for ESRI  2009

Take a look at the data used with GIS to create “situational awareness” for Homeland Security purposes;

ESRI White Paper: Public Safety and Homeland Security Situational AwarenessGIS Situational Awareness Taxonomy  LINK

Common Data
Sources for Public
Safety Situational

GIS is a core technology in the situational awareness landscape

Data Mining and Predictive Analytics

To address these issues, Information Builders has introduced Law Enforcement Analytics (LEA) to make all these data sources available for officers across the enterprise – providing a solution for intelligence-led and predictive policing. LEA combines many technologies – including traditional business intelligence (BI) concepts such as dashboards and scorecards, powerful ad hoc and predictive analytics, interactive mapping capabilities, data mining, and enterprise search.  LINK

Beverly Eakman on predictive analytics (Yes. She is talking about its use in schools)

“Today, hundreds of seemingly unrelated pieces of data that reveal political leanings and parental views are fed into a “predictive” computer algorithm. What’s a predictive computer algorithm? Well, it’s a mathematical formula that sifts masses of information, then predicts what a person will probably do, given various hypothetical scenarios. “

More on Predictive Analytics

The potential for good that could come from such a massive amount and variety of information that can be collected, analyzed, shared and integrated and referenced by physical location by GIS is fast overshadowed by the realization of the potential for abuse this technology enables.  And that is no idle concern.  It has transformed what was once one of GIS technologies greatest champions into an outspoken critic who hopes to be able to reverse the course of the technology that he once worked so hard to advance.

KU professor helps create emergency response database 2001

LAWRENCE — If there is such a thing as a weapon against weapons of mass destruction, Jerry Dobson is helping to perfect it. .

The database is supported by a geographical information system (GIS) that combines data from a variety of sources, including best-available census counts of every country in the world, terrain and nighttime lights interpreted from satellite images, road networks and elevations. The LandScan Global Population Database provides the distribution of people in sections even more precise than one square kilometer per cell

. . . The database is already popular among several organizations involved in the war on terrorism, including the United Nations, the World Health Organization and the U.S. State and Defense departments, he said.

. . .While much has been said about this war being unlike any previous one, that point perhaps is best illustrated in the growing importance of the LandScan database. By providing crucial information on population distribution, it is helping authorities balance the need to keep an eye on global developments that affect specific communities.

“I’ve used the expression ‘Global threats to local places,’ and that’s what we are facing now,” Dobson said.


Between 2001 and 2003 Dobson did an about face.

KU researcher warns against potential threat of ‘geoslavery’

March 5, 2003

LAWRENCE — Jerome Dobson wants to make sure his field of research doesn’t aid the greatest threat to personal freedom.

As a pioneer of geographic information systems (GIS), Dobson, a researcher at the Kansas Applied Remote Sensing Program at the University of Kansas, helped develop the technology that now is commonplace in government, business and practically every aspect of modern life.

Since 1975, Dobson has used GIS for a number of applications — from conducting environmental analyses to identifying populations at risk of terrorism and natural disasters — by combining data sets such as detailed population counts of every country in the world, terrain and nighttime lights interpreted from satellite images, road networks and elevations. Dobson, who is a professor of geography at KU, also is president of the American Geographical Society.

Unfortunately, the same technology that has so many beneficial uses also has the potential to create a highly sophisticated form of slavery, or “geoslavery,” as Dobson calls it. What worries Dobson is that GIS technology easily could be used not only to spy on people but to control them as well.

“It concerns me that something I thought was wonderful has a downside that may lead to geoslavery — the greatest threat to freedom we’ve ever experienced in human history,” he said.

Read More

Here’s one more qualified expert whose words should carry some weight.  GIS is just one more technology that appears to be elemental in what Brzezinski calls the “technotronic era

“The technotronic era involves the gradual appearance of a more controlled society.   Such a society would be dominated by an elite, unrestrained by traditional values. […] The capacity to assert social and political control over the individual will vastly increase.  It will soon be possible to assert almost continuous surveillance over every citizen and to maintain up-to-date, complete files, containing even most personal information about the health or personal behavior of the citizen in addition to more customary data.   These files will be subject to instantaneous retrieval by the authorities.”

-Zbigniew Brzezinski


Show Notes: AxXiom For Liberty Friday Jan. 21 Guest Amanda Teegarden

Listening info

Amanda Teegarden of OK-SAFE will be our special guest this evening.

Amanda Teegarden is the Executive Director of OK-SAFE, Inc., (Oklahomans for Sovereignty and Free Enterprise), an Oklahoma non-profit Oklahoma corporation, dedicated to the principles of the American Free Enterprise system and to the Constitutional Sovereignty of the individual, Oklahoma and the United States.  OK-SAFE

She will give a run down on the upcoming GOP Precinct elections, how they work and what they are for.  Amanda will also tell us about some big changes coming to Oklahoma government.

Here is a great article that explains the importance of the Precinct Chair:

The Most Powerful Office in the World is NOT the President of the United States

Oklahoma GOP Precinct Meetings Feb 1, 2011


Going Technotronic?

The technotronic era involves the gradual appearance of a more controlled society. Such a society would be dominated by an elite, unrestrained by traditional values. […] The capacity to assert social and political control over the individual will vastly increase. It will soon be possible to assert almost continuous surveillance over every citizen and to maintain up-to-date, complete files, containing even most personal information about the health or personal behavior of the citizen in addition to more customary data. These files will be subject to instantaneous retrieval by the authorities.”
-Zbigniew Brzezinski




Oklahoma-CapGemini Contract for IT Services main contract
Change Order


Page 21…   “to automate the collection of 16 agencies reflects an increase from the originally proposed 10 agency /locations.  The State of Oklahoma will provide Capgemini and BDNA resources secure, remote VPN access to the State agencies identified for automated data collection when it is available.  If VPN access is not available, Capgemini and BDNA will be required to physically connect the BDNA tool behind the agency firewall.  Remote access will allow the data to be collected remotely, increasing efficiency, lowering costs and adding a level of flexibility to the collection schedule.

What and who are BDNA?


BDNA Maps The IT Genome

With Microsoft, HP, and others crowding the market, BDNA VP Amit Golan said the company’s shift to data enhancement services is driven by the fact that the market for asset discovery tools has become commoditized.

“It’s not a fight we want to fight anymore,” said Golan, in an interview.

Instead, BDNA will focus on adding value to customers’ discovery data by running it through a massive database called Technopedia that Golan described as the industry’s only, fully comprehensive listing of virtually every IT product in existence.

The database, which includes more than 800,000 data points on over 200,000 IT hardware and software products, is constantly updated by a team of researchers based in China.

We’ve been assembling the building blocks of IT,” said Golan. Technopedia also includes information on software and hardware product version numbers, upgrades, support dates, and more. Customers can access Technopedia and related services through BDNA’s just-launched IT Genome Center, which is an online portal.

What is Capgemini?

Capgemini is a global consulting and information technology firm, with a seasoned approach working collaboratively with many federal, state and local government agencies to help address fiscal challenges and improve the efficiency and quality of IT services delivered to citizens. We work with the Departments of Defense, Homeland Security, Justice, Treasury, Health and Human Services, and Agriculture, as well as multiple state and municipal tax, social welfare, criminal justice and public health departments.


They offer a wide range of solutions within four key areas of focus:
o Consulting Services
o Outsourcing Services
o Technology Services
o Local Professional Services

Capgemini helps clients deal with changing business and technology
issues. Read More

2004-The Capgemini pitch to the town of Swansea

Capgemini picked for Swansea eGov project

By Tim Richardson

Hailed as the biggest eGovernment programme of its kind in Wales, service@swansea is set to introduce new ICT systems and working practices which should help reduce paperwork, increase efficiency and make it easier for local residents to contact the council. Read More

Swansea thinks Capgemini deal stinks-gives them the boot!

The Swansea City Council announced on 14 April 2005 that between 50 and 70% of its ICT staff would be transferred to Capgemini as part of the Council’s e-government programme. This announcement comes despite fierce opposition by the Council’s staff and persistent doubts concerning the positive impact of such e-government public-private partnerships (PPPs).

In 2006 The Register reports:

Swansea IT staff shunted to Capgemini

E-gov deal underway

By Tim Richardson

IT staff at Swansea Council have been transferred to Capgemini as part of a controversial £83m e-government outsourcing project designed to modernise the way the council provides its public services.

As part of the first phase, Capgemini intends to overhaul the council’s existing IT systems and working practices as part of an “integrated programme of business process re-engineering and technology transformation”.

The council’s plans to outsource its IT systems as part of its service@swansea e-government scheme was the subject of a bitter eight-week strike in 2004.

Read More




In 2009 the OK Republican-led legislature created the position of Chief Information Officer (CIO), a new cabinet position appointed by the Governor. (HB 1170)

Oklahoma’s new CIO is Alex Pettit, officed in the Office of State Finance.

The OK CIO has signed a $1 million (actually $999,100) contract with a global company named Capgemini, specializing in Consulting, Technology, and Outsourcing, to perform an assessment of the state’s entire IT systems.

(Capgemini Oklahoma research Information provided by OK-SAFE_)

. . .incorporate Palantir into the wider intelligence environment as part of the Capgemini Intelligence Grid© – a public security architecture and transformation approach that rests on the ability to share information and turn it into real intelligence.

Capgemini Intelligence Grid

MuseGlobal writes about their partnership with Capgemini

Capgemini Government Solutions approached us when they were faced with the challenge of integrating more intelligence and background data that would allow public officials to connect, collaborate on, analyze, investigate and identify public safety risks for government agencies in the U.S. Can’t say more about the client at this point, of course (you understand), but Capgemini needed to expand their vision for providing a broad array of information sources to law enforcement officials that would not be compromised by the typical challenges of content integration and applications development. (MuseGlobal)

Capgemini, ESRI, CISCO, Cognitec

The new public security network fosters collaboration among independent software vendors (ISVs) such as Adobe (interactive forms), Cognitec (facial recognition technology), Daon (identity assurance software and services), ESRI (geographic modeling and mapping technology), Genesys (contact center solutions), Human Inference (solutions to enhance the quality of data), Idematrix (biometric identity management solutions), Ontos (semantic technologies and solutions), Open Text (enterprise content management solutions), technology vendors such as Cisco (IP networks) and systems integrators such as Capgemini and Itelligence. The IVN members are collaborating to solve industry-wide pain points in the areas of investigative case management, intelligence-led policing, identity management, emergency management as well as operational resource management by co-innovating end-to-end business processes running on a common business process platform. Partner applications will leverage the SAP NetWeaver® technology platform.

We have developed the Capgemini Intelligence Grid© to help governments identify and prevent new public security threats. Based on Service-Oriented Architecture, this tool enhances interoperability between Public Security systems, enabling active and efficient collaboration.

Before you know it, the Capgemini Intelligence Grid was extended, integrating content from all of the key sources that law enforcement officials need to catch the bad folks using MuseGlobal’s exclusive MuseConnect architecture. Also unlike other content connectors, our Smart Connectors are maintained by MuseGlobal automatically, so you can keep your entire range of sources normalized through MuseConnect acting as one unified source of content.

Vision 2015


We will be discussing Rep. Morgan’s texting ban and what happened at his press conference on the 18th that the media didn’t tell you about.

The Tulsa World’s report on the event and also my post examining the issue of texting while driving.

Oklahoma Legislative Lu Lu’s or “Lets Play Cell Phone Follies!”


Texting Ban Unenforceable? There’s an App for that!

Also, the latest on Real ID.  Is there an alternative?

There is more than one way to skin a cat, don’t you know.

I don’t care who you are; the government does by Mark Lerner

Don’t miss this show!

Join myself and co-host Howard Houchen today from 6-8 pm CST

Miami-Dade police buy drones

Jan 8, 2010

I’ve been waiting for this one.

How did I know?

The IACP (International Association of Chiefs of Police) is my always-reliable crystal ball for predicting police state outrages upon America.

“There is an immediate need by state and local public safety personnel for unmanned aerial systems“– Donald Shinnamon, head of the aviation committee for the International Association of Chiefs of Police

Source:CNET News August 9, 2007  Police agencies push for drone sky patrols

Intelligence-Led Policing in the United States
Biot Report #474:

November 02, 2007
United States domestic law enforcement authorities, like their counterparts in Great Britain, have moved to an ―intelligence-led policing paradigm, as described elsewhere. (1) The terrorist events of September 11, 2001 prompted a March 7-8, 2002, Summit in Alexandria, Virginia, of over 120 criminal intelligence experts from across the U.S., titled Criminal Intelligence Sharing: Overcoming Barriers to Enhance Domestic Security. Funded by the US government and organized by the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), the Summit became a turning point in policing in the U.S. (2)

Read more or access document here; IACP Intelligence-Led-Policing-the-New-Paradigm 2007 111

Miami-Dade police buy drones

Miami New Times News

By Tim Elfrink Thursday, Dec 9 2010

In places such as Kabul, Gaza, and Baghdad, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) hovering over homes, following suspects, and tracking enemies of the state are a daily reality.

So where are the high-tech drones buzzing to next? Miami-Dade County, natch!

The Miami-Dade Police Department is poised to become the first large metro force using drones in its aerial missions. The department finalized a deal to buy a drone called T-Hawk from defense firm Honeywell and officially applied for permission from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) last month to begin flying it around the county.

What’s not clear is how cops will sort out the raft of thorny privacy questions hovering around plans for using this powerful, new eye in the sky.

“At this point, it doesn’t really matter if you’re against this technology, because it’s coming,” says P. W. Singer, author of Wired for War and an expert on drones. “The precedent that is set in Miami could be huge.”

Read More

I guess the UK was getting ahead of us..

Police Drone “Air Robot” Leads to Arrest in UK

and this one…

Jan. 23, 2010 UK Police Will Use Spy Drones To Monitor Population

Police in the UK are planning to use unmanned spy drones, controversially deployed in Afghanistan, for the “routine” monitoring of antisocial motorists, protesters, agricultural thieves and fly-tippers, in a significant expansion of covert state surveillance. more

Our “New Paradigm” in policing was imported via the IACP from the  Kent police in the UK

If you do any looking into the Kent police, you might find a disturbing focus on “anti-social” behavior.

The IACP explains-

Intelligence-Led Policing

The Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP) mission is to gather, analyze, and disseminate intelligence data, in an effort to thwart the next terrorist attack or prevent the commission of a major felony. In applying a utilitarian philosophy to prevention efforts, the “greatest good for the greatest number,” is to detect preoperational terrorist acts and prevent another 9/11. Read more subversive tripe from the IACP

“In my college years, Utilitarianism was described as one of the most destructive philosophies ever constructed against the principles of Natural Law and the Rights of Man. Utilitarian followers believed all rights are granted by the government, since history shows governments have the power to take all rights away.”– Ronald Glenn  Source: Communitarianism, Anyone?  February 22, 2010 by Ronald Glenn

AxXiom For Liberty Live on Rule of Law Radio Friday Dec. 10 6-8pm CST

Listening info

The Rise of the Fusion-Intelligence Complex

A critique of political surveillance after 9/11

Anthony B. Newkirk

The private sector – the Nation’s principal provider of goods and services and owner of 85 percent of our infrastructure – is a key homeland security partner…
(Office of Homeland Security 2002, viii)
I believe that Fusion Centers will be the centerpiece of state, local, federal intelligence sharing for the future and that the Department of Homeland Security will be working and aiming its programs to underlie Fusion Centers… [T]he private sector… can…also provide vital support for the sustainability of Fusion Centers… (Janet Napolitano 2009)

A report by Privacy International (2007) ranked the United States of America and Great Britain as “endemic surveillance societies” along with China, Russia, Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand. These findings are not surprising. But a significant, albeit unheralded, fact is that political surveillance is undergoing significant organizational changes in the context of neoliberal globalization. In the United States, for instance, this relationship is defined less by customary state forces and, increasingly, by interlocking public-private partnerships. Largely overlooked in these developments is the creation of entities known as “fusion centers.”

Declare Your Independence! (from Government Surveillance…)

I was a guest on Declare Your Independence with Ernest Hancock today. Topic; Government surveillance, Biometrics and the new documentary on the OKC bombing by Free Mind Films “A Noble Lie” (See links below for items discussed)

I’m on Hour 2 and into hour 3 (but the whole show is great!) http://www.freedomsphoenix.com/Article/075291-2010-09-13-declare-your-independence-with-ernest-hancock-afternoon-september-13th-2010.htm

Envisioning the Future of the CODIS DNA Database

California Vision 2015

Jesse Trentadue, Salt Lake City Utah Attorney with a portrait of his slain brother, Kenneth Trentadue.

2009 Court Brief

“I didn’t start out to solve the bombing, I started out to find the men who killed my brother,” –Jesse Trentadue

This brief lays out what Jesse Trentadue has found to date as a result of his ongoing battle with the federal government to find out what happened to his brother Kenneth and why.

Fascination read!


From OKC to Abu Ghraib: The Kenneth Trentadue Case

CIA Vaughan Index 2009

FBI surrenders documents that judge ordered

J.D. Cash

More on Jesse Trentadue’s battle to find justice for his brother, Kenneth.

Terry Yeakey-Always a Hero

Okie Pundit’s Vantage Point-In the Dark About ALPR

Okie Pundit thinks the traffic cam controversy is lame;

Last month the blogosphere, led by Mike McCarville, erupted over the proposal to use traffic cameras to detect uninsured drivers.

From our vantage point, this is much ado about nothing.

Mr. O. Pundit, your “vantage point” is limiting your vision terribly. It makes me to wonder where exactly your head is. Try removing it from the darkness first and take another look.

Okie Pundit says;

The proposed cameras are to be on public roads, where privacy rights are limited or nonexistent. This reminds us of the liberal furor over the Patriot Act allowing the government to monitor the books people checked out of the public library.

Who is “us”? Is the writer a conglomerate or is the article written by consensus?


Was it only the liberals who took offense to having their reading materials monitored for signs that they might be inclined to be a terrorist? I don’t remember it that way.

Do you think that because it’s a public library then no one has a right to complain? I guess the recent web cam spying incident in Pennsylvania where kids were being photographed in their own bedrooms surreptitiously by school officials should not irritate anyone then. After all, the laptops were issued to students by a public school.

A brief description of that issue in case you missed it;

Blake Robbins’ father, Michael, verified from Assistant Principal Lindy Matsko that the school district did in fact have the capability of remotely activating the cameras embedded in the district-issued laptop computer wherever the computer may be situated and regardless of whether the student is using it, and that the school district could at any time choose “to view and capture whatever images were in front of the webcam, all without the knowledge, permission or authorization of any persons then and there using the laptop computer.”

By the way, it is not just public libraries that have to give over records upon demand. It is also bookstores. As a matter of fact, any business, public or private can be forced to turn over any records including your medical and financial without any particularized suspicion under the PATRIOT ACT. We will never know how many have had to do so because the PATRIOT ACT also allows the owners or workers forced to give up this information to be gagged.

But back to the issue at hand, the limits of privacy in the public sphere.

Of course privacy is always limited when we choose to venture out into public. This is because we are viewable. Anyone can look at us and we can be photographed without permission.

But this issue is not about being viewed. It is about being tracked, recorded and monitored and about the information being shared or retained. The proposal to put up a number of ALPR cameras in fixed locations is more like being stalked than simply viewed.

And we are not talking about criminal suspects here, but ordinary people going about their business.

The ALPR systems can and are being utilized for a wide variety of purposes far beyond a simple insurance verification check.

ELSAG, a very popular vendor of ALPR advertises;

ALPR data is a crucial intelligence asset for use in threat mitigation, crime prevention and criminal case resolution for public safety, law enforcement and criminal justice agencies. The COPLINK® software organizes and rapidly analyzes vast quantities of structured and seemingly unrelated data http://www.scribd.com/doc/23225353/ELSAG-IACP-COPLINK-Automatic-License-Plate-Recognition

Okie Pundit continues with his argument for the devices;

The cameras are being used to enforce the law, a law which protects responsible drivers who currently bear the burden of higher premiums because of those choosing to drive without insurance. Not to mention that one would presume illegal immigrants are disproportionately uninsured and this will be another avenue to detect those here illegally.

Law Enforcement Officers are supposed to enforce the law not a machine. This is essentially outsourcing of law enforcement. Guess what happens when you confuse the dispensing of justice with the profiteering by dispensing of tickets? It encourages corruption, plain and simple.

A good example of this is the rash of yellow light shortening perpetrated by profit seeking red light corporations.






Do you think a private company who profits off of ticketing us (30%) is going to be a fair arbiter? If we want to contest one of these tickets, we would take our complaint before an employee of the corporation-NOT a sworn officer of any sort.

Oklahoma’s RFP reveals that;

The winning company would install, test, maintain and operate the cameras. It would mail tickets to vehicle owners. It would run a toll-free hotline and conduct hearings where motorists would contest camera tickets before a camera company employee instead of a judge

Traffic Technology Today

Privatization is a good thing in some instances. This is not one of them.

Also, these are not simply cameras.

The camera is one aspect of the system and probably the most benign portion at that. It is the database that makes ALPR (Automatic License Plate Recognition) what it is.

How do the ALPR cameras know if you are uninsured or not? It checks your plate against a database. This is how the cameras can also check and see if your plate is listed on any “hotlists” A hotlist could be created for stolen cars, criminal suspects or any other group you can think of from tot stealers to Tea Partiers. Running plates against hotlists is akin to being randomly thrown into a lineup, albeit a virtual one, it still carries the same risks as a real line up and should not be done absent probable cause. This is a dragnet and it is unconstitutional.

And for all the fear about being monitored by the government, there is far too much traffic and activity to notice anything other than outrageous behavior in real time.

That would be true if the cameras were monitored by human beings. That is not how it works hence the name AUTOMATIC License Plate Recognition. Advances in computing capability allows for rapid, massive data processing, matching and storage. Algorithms search, sort and identify almost instantaneously. There is no limit to the processing powers of modern computers as there will always be with human beings.

This is one of the new aspects of surveillance that many fail to take into consideration. Catch up.

The “Borg” Pundit says;

However, the feeds from these cameras would be a useful resource in the event of terrorist attacks or violent crimes.

We no longer wait until an actual crime has been committed to react. That is the way of the “old paradigm”

You may be unaware that we are doing things a little differently these days. A lot of people are, but since you speak as if from some authority, you should know the facts.

Since 9 11, the US government has adopted the idea that by collecting, collating and sharing massive amounts information crime and terrorism can be prevented. This strategy is derived directly from a school of thought on policing known as Intelligence Led Policing. This is the same new, driving philosophy for policing that made
fusion centers possible.

Intelligence Led Policing is a philosophy of law enforcement and policing imported from the UK and is often referred to the “New Paradigm” of policing.

The best way to get a grasp on the new paradigm is to recall what the old paradigm was;

OLD Paradigm:

The old paradigm was based upon the belief that individuals have an unalienable right to life, liberty, and property granted us by our Creator.

Americans have a justified expectation that the government instituted to protect life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness will always afford due respect for the autonomy and privacy of law abiding individuals.

In America we are accustomed to a system of law that operates with the presumption of innocence as a cornerstone for the purpose of promoting justice. Those who offer the argument that “if you have nothing to hide, you have nothing fear” are missing the boat. It doesn’t work that way any longer.

The New Paradigm requires collecting and analyzing massive amounts of data, not limited to criminals or suspects but about all us. It is preemptive rather than reactive. The New Paradigm wants our police forces to be part of the ever expanding intelligence apparatus.

According to Michael Chertoff;

Former Secretary of the Dept. of Homeland Security Chertoff hits on another important point. ALPR is only one out of many sensors being used to collect data on us. Your phone, RFID tags, CCTV’s, even your new “smart meter” serve to collect information about each of us and this information is shared and aggregated in order to give the government a more complete picture of our lives. Data is examined algorithmically to try and reveal patterns that might indicate some hostile intent on our part.

Finally, there are already a number of cameras that view us in public: turnpike cameras to catch toll violators, traffic cameras to monitor road conditions, the view from the local news station, John Angier in the back corner at political events, dashboard cams on police cars, security feeds at businesses and government facilities. Whatever privacy one is expecting in public is long since gone.

And this statement illustrates the same deeply flawed logic that assures that we will eventually lose what Justice Louis Brandeis spoke so eloquently about;

“The makers of the Constitution: conferred, as against the government, the right to be let alone –the most comprehensive of rights and the right most valued by civilized men.”

–Justice Louis Brandeis

As a matter of fact, the false belief of the inevitability of these technological intrusions and the apathy that results from that belief is what the security and technology industry is banking on.

This is a portion of a slide taken from Fleishman-Hillard’s strategic presentation given to the Auto-ID industry to help them to overcome the pub lic’s antipathy toward RFID tagging.

They did their research and found that;

Initial response to the ‘base technology’ is neutral

Benefits are seen as for business only after consideration are negatives seen

• Consumer benefits seen as negligible No balancing the negatives with positives

• Consumers feel they have no personal choice

Virtually all groups spontaneously said that the ‘chip should be able to be killed'(their language).

The industry began working todevelop best messages to pacify”

The researchers acknowledged that the problem was that the RFID technology when used on an intimate level as with individual product tagging or ID cards, the consumers recognized that there was little if any benefits for them but a huge potential for the technology to be used in an intrusive manner.

From their studies they learned that with Americans the key to overcoming resistance was to push the notion that the technology was inevitable which provoked apathy.

Congratulations. You are bearing witness to the genius of the social manipulators.

You are reacting just as they predicted the typical American would.

If you aren’t outraged about the new revenue enhancement system that our Governor decided to “gift” us with on his way out the door-then you aren’t paying attention.

. . .And you haven’t heard about the “New Paradigm”

Kaye Beach

May 26, 2010

I heard a fellow on the radio yesterday saying he wasn’t worried about the government sharing his information for no reason.  He was not concerned about the possibility of information collected by ALPR (Automatic License Plate Recognition) cameras with private companies.  I don’t think he even considered the possibility of how this information could be combined with other data to give even more intimate detail to the digital factoids collected, collated analyzed and shared about each of us.

This gentleman is under the widely shared impression that it is not legal to share such information without just cause.  This mis-perception combined with fact that he considers himself to be a law abiding person made him unconcerned about possible abuses of this system.

I think this man like many of us remember the adage repeated often by those in law enforcement that information is shared “on a need to know basis”

Unless you are paying close attention, the changes taking place in technology, policy and law are still largely imperceptible though you might have a sneaking suspicion that things just ain’t what they used to be.

Our government is fully on board with a new method of policing called “Intelligence Led Policing”.  The International Chiefs of Police like to call it “The New Paradigm” of policing. An import from the UK and based upon utilitarian thought, Intelligence Led Policing is focused on preventing or predicting who among us might be predisposed to committing a crime, an act of terrorism or in some manner be a “threat to public safety” well before the actual threat manifests.

Traditionally, police officers wait for intelligence. To be preventative, however, authorities must actively seek information and intelligence, and actively search for persons who may be suspicious—not simply respond to calls of suspicious persons or circumstances.

Police officers should seek to assess threats that may not rise to a level of suspicion that police would traditionally use to justify arrest or detention. link

Russell Porter who, in 1997 was the Special Agent in Charge of the Intelligence Bureau, Iowa Department of public Safety pitched ILP like this;

Why Do We Need Intelligence-Led Policing

Physicians are trained to diagnose a patient — before initiating a medical intervention. Good mechanics figure out what’s really wrong with a car’s motor —before they start replacing engine parts.Professional football teams utilize scouts — before the players take the field — to gather information that will improve the team’s chances of winning.

So with ILP, according to Russell Porter, widespread surveillance is a necessary part of the diagnostic process.

Where is Mr. Porter now?

  • Russell Porter, Director, Intelligence Fusion Center, Iowa Department of Public Safety
    Law Enforcement Intelligence Unit (LEIU)
  • Chairman of the Criminal Intelligence Coordinating Council

He also serves as Chairman of the Global Intelligence Working Group (part of the Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative, affiliated with the U.S. Department of Justice). The GIWG supported the development of the National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan (NCISP) as a blueprint to assist law enforcement personnel in their crime-fighting, public safety, and anti-terrorism efforts.


Building Private Security/Public Policing Partnerships to Prevent and Respond to Terrorism and Public Disorder

October 07, 2004

As part of its continuing effort to enhance the safety and security of communities throughout the United States and the world, the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), in partnership with the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) and a broad-based group of private sector/law enforcement professionals, released a comprehensive report entitled: Building Private Security/Public Policing Partnerships to Prevent and Respond to Terrorism and Public Disorder. The 38-page report outlines a national strategy to strengthen existing partnerships between private security and public law enforcement agencies and to assist in the creation of new ones.

The report is the outgrowth of a national policy summit on this issue that was held earlier this year by IACP, supported by its Private Sector Liaison Committee, and co-sponsored by the American Society of Industrial Security International (ASIS), the International Security Management Association (ISMA), the National Association of Security Companies (NASCO), and the
Security Industry Association (SIA). (remember these guys? They are the ones who went over our heads by writing a letter to Gov Henry asking him  to veto the anti -RFID bill which would have given us a measure of protection from being tracked through our ID cards and driver’s licenses.  What is our privacy compared to profit?  Say Mooooo….)

I understand why the notion of stopping a violent act before it happens is such an attractive idea but besides the fact that there is no evidence that we can discern intent through various means of surveillance, such a policy clashes mightily with the fundamentals of our form of government and philosophy of law.

As far as sharing personal information with private industry-Yes. They do and they will. I get my information from reading source documents-thousands of them. Partnering with private business for the purpose of two way sharing is a core tenant for every domestic security policy I know of since 9 11.

Commercial databases. A majority of state and local intelligence fusion centers subscribe to services from consumer database vendors such as LexisNexis, Lexis’s Accurint, and ChoicePoint, which house public-record data as well as personal data like credit applications or unlisted mobile telephone numbers. Read More Fusion Centers Forge Ahead

The Information Flow Model of ChoicePoint’s Operations. The rounded boxes below

the center ChoicePoint rectangle represent data leaving ChoicePoint, while the rectangles above ChoicePoint’s name reflect sources of data entering the company

What are Fusion Centers.


Information collected and shared about us has real consequences.

People in this country have been denied jobs, hauled into the police station, denied or overcharged on insurance, turned down for credit, been put onto a watch list or entered into a database or maybe even treated to the third degree at the airport, without ever knowing why or connecting these events to the new policies of broad information sharing that have been adopted since 9 11. Mistakes happen, right?

It is important when evaluating the merit of any of these new “security” features being heaped upon us to understand that things have changed quite drastically in the last decade and our assumptions need to be checked against new realities.

The development of Public Private Partnerships and seamless sharing of information that is cross jurisdictional and international is deemed essential to the “New Paradigm”.

We are under surveillance and it is profitable. This spells big trouble for freedom.

Coffee talk with Big Brother

A glimpse into “Intelligence Led Policing”.  There is a lot more to the discussion than what I have posted here-the part about using ALPR caught my attention.  If you are interested you can find the entire doc at





One Week in Heron City (Case A)
A Case Study
Malcolm K. Sparrow, Ph.D.

The Heron City case study is divided into three parts — Case A, Case B and Teaching Notes. The case study is
designed to serve as a basis for discussions regarding: (a) the relationships among a range of current policing
strategies, and (b) the nature of analytic support that modern operational policing requires.

Following are excerpts from a meeting between Chief Laura Harrison and Captain Josephine Smithers.

Captain Smithers runs a relatively new Intelligence-Led Policing Unit that consists of 10 criminal intelligence ana­lysts (some civilian and some sworn officers), that has also been given responsibility for the Heron City Police Department’s strategic planning process. The meeting takes place at the chief’s reserved table in the headquar­ters dining room, over coffee.

Captain Smithers :We keep an active list of flagged vehicles being driven by persons-of-interest. We call them “vehicles-of-interest” or VOIs. I believe our current list of active VOIs is more than 300. Once we’ve set them up in the ALPR system, we get automatic printouts every morning of all the ALPR sightings in the previous 24 hours. It’s a pretty big report.

Chief Harrison: What do you do with it?

Captain Smithers: Nothing, normally, unless there’s heightened interest in a particular player. Then, we begin to actually map their movements from the reports, and if their travel patterns seem

to line up with any particular crime patterns, then we might bump them up to active surveillance.

Captain Smithers: Actually, we did do that. Phil Goring had one of his guys pull a data dump from the ALPR system, and we contracted with a local data-mining company to run some tests on it. The job cost us over $10,000 and didn’t actually show anything terribly useful.

Chief Harrison: Where’s the problem? In the cameras? The software? Lighting?

Phil Goring: Mostly, it’s in the software, we think — the image enhancement and the optical character reading.

Phil Goring. So the system logs all the cases where a plate has been read, but the number it thinks it read doesn’t have a match in the registry files; in that case, we assume the photo interpretation is wrong. Nigel pulls up the original picture on the screen, reads the license plate number if he can, and compares it with what the machine said it was. There are a lot of cases where Nigel can read the number quite easily but the machine got it wrong.

Chief Harrison: But can you do other types of analyses is on the data? Can you search for odd patterns?

Phil Goring: Like what? Sudden drops in volumes? Traffic jams? That kind of thing? What did you have in mind?

Chief Harrison: I didn’t really have anything particular in mind. It just seems odd to have all this data and not really do anything much with it.

Seems to me that even if it didn’t show anything useful in the end, it was still a good thing to try.

Phil Goring: We had to deal with some others who didn’t think that. Getting permission from the city’s general counsel for the contract was a real pain. Their office was all worried about the idea of police doing anything that smacked of data-mining, especially on ordinary citizens’ travel patterns, with almost none of them being suspects for anything in particular, and they were all just going about their ordinary daily business. The GC said they saw civil liberties issues all over it, and ACLU lawsuits, and they were really nervous. In the end, it was the mayor who told them to shut up and approve it, and told us all not to talk about it in public.