Tag Archives: INTERPOL

Targeted Interstate Photo Sharing (TIPS): Homeland Security, NLETS and the IACP Target Your Biometric Driver’s License Photo

target dl 1

Kaye Beach

Dec. 29, 2012

In the modern surveillance state it’s all about the biometrics, especially facial recognition which allows for at-a-distance identification and investigation of individuals without their knowledge or consent-no warrant required!

Very few realize that upon issuance of a state driver’s license, a state identification card, or any other form of government issued photo ID, we are having our facial biometrics captured by high resolution photography.  The analog cameras in every state have been replaced with high resolution digital cameras that capture, map, digitize, and database our facial features for use with facial recognition technology.

The federal REAL ID Act was passed in 2005.  The first (and most important!) benchmark of REAL ID is capture and retention of the driver’s license applicant’s facial image.

A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Words

The following is from an article published in Nov. of this year by the Police Chief, the official magazine of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP);

(“Image” means biometric image which is quite different than a simple photograph)

“In 2006, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate gave the International Justice and Public Safety Network (Nlets) funds to implement driver’s license image sharing between the states. Nlets is a nonprofit organization owned by the 50 states that has connections to every federal, state, local, and military law enforcement agency in the United States. If an agency’s technical capabilities allow, officers can query state driver’s license databases from a mobile or a desktop device and obtain an image in a manner of seconds.”

A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Words, From The Police Chief, vol. LXXIX, no. , November 2012. Copyright held by the International Association of Chiefs of Police, 515 North Washington Street, Alexandria, VA 22314 USA

Your state department of public safety or DMV driver’s license database provides your biometric data which tethers your body to other unique biographical data such as your social security number, age, address and more.  As a tool for surveillance and control, your faceprint is invaluable.

 “Today, more than 25 states have implemented this technology and are providing law enforcement images. In the next year, at least 12 more states will implement this technology.” A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Words

Now,  law enforcement can, simply by taking your picture, identify and investigate you as you go about your business in public without you even being aware that this is happening.

“For some time now, officers have been able to retrieve images through a mobile device while on the street to help identify individuals.” A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Words

The truth is that they cannot do this everywhere, yet.  While the technology is in place there is still the issue of access to be dealt with.  This is a legal and not a technical matter.  As we know, if the government has the technical ability to do something, they believe that they should be able to do it.  In other words, the law must conform to the capability of the technology and not the other way around.  Policy, once (somewhat) grounded in principle is now rooted in practice so now if they can do it, they will do it and they are doing it.

Undercover cops secretly use smartphones, face recognition to spy on crowds

This kind of surveillance is damaging.   Psychologically, pervasive surveillance, or even the possibility of it, is universally understood to change the behavior of those subjected to it.  It induces conformity of behavior and of thought as well.  As the range of surveillance grows, our ability to simply be, to exercise our free will, shrinks.

“Nlets will not consider photo sharing a success until it is implemented in all 50 states” link

Targeted Interstate Photo Sharing (TIPS)

“Nlets and DHS S&T have been working to expand the use of images in public safety. A new DHS/Nlets project called Targeted Interstate Photo Sharing (TIPS)” A Picture Is Worth a Thousand Words

NLETS formerly the National Law Enforcement Telecommunications Service is now THE INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE & PUBLIC SAFETY NETWORK

NLETS

“links together every state, local, and federal and International law enforcement (INTERPOL), justice and public safety agency for the purpose of exchanging critical information.”  http://www.nlets.org/

As this law enforcement writer notes,

“when we engage in innovative law enforcement technology solutions, we need to take extra care to adequately address the security and privacy of personally identifiable information.”  

And who does the writer fear, is not adequately addressing the security and privacy of our personally identifiable information?  Good old NLETS.

Read; When the Cops are Worried About Your Privacy-You Should Worry Too!

NLETS role has always been to serve the state’s law enforcement needs, but that role, as noted by NLETS, is changing.

From Hot Trends and Innovations at Nlets 2012 Slide # 42

While Nlets is 45 years old this year, we have always taken the “child” role, with the States being the “parent”

–In recent years, the child is becoming the parent in many aspects.

Why? For one thing NLETS is now being funded and thus, directed by the federal government.

nlets grant funders Hot trends innovations ppt 2012Slide # 47

Slide # 17

From Hot Trends and Innovations at Nlets 2012

PROJECT SPONSOR

Department of Homeland Security

When lines of authority are blurred, power naturally defaults to the highest level.  The states are not ‘partners’ with the federal government in matters that require state authority over their jurisdiction.

From the Legal Information Institute;

Jurisdiction-The term jurisdiction is really synonymous with the word “power”

Jurisdiction is the territory within which a court or government agency may properly exercise its power

State and local policing is a jurisdictional matter and the states and local governments have conceded their authority in this.  Informational jurisdiction is no exception and in fact leads physical control.

What is revealed in this IACP Nov. 2012 article is that the Department of Homeland Security has funded an international non-governmental organization, the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), to manage the operational issues of the endeavor; Targeted Interstate Photo Sharing (TIPS).

“The DHS S&T has funded the IACP Technology Center to provide a practitioner group to advise Nlets on operational issues. These experienced practitioners will provide input on how this technology can be used in the field.”

What that means is that we are in trouble. 

The IACP is an international, non-governmental organization accredited by the United Nations and has been instrumental in bringing about profound changes to our nation politically, technologically and culturally.  There has been a great paradigm shift in our nation since 9-11 that spans all agencies of government.  This shift affects every aspect of our lives and has practically decimated the US Constitution and Bill of Rights.  US citizens, regardless of their political persuasion, are united in astonishment as they witness the slash and burn abrogation of one cherished right after another.

There is no sector of our society left untouched by the new paradigm and each has its own specialists attending to the transformation in their particular realm.  In the realm of policing, it is the IACP who is in charge of nurturing and tending this transformation.

Here is just one example;

Intelligence Led Policing and Fusion Centers: How the IACP Helped the USA to Cross the Rubicon

I hate to share information like this without providing you with any solutions.  I have been working diligently for years to find a way for us to protect our biometric data which is the key to our government’s efforts to create the most effective and efficient surveillance society ever experienced on this earth.

Although I have found no solution in legislation, no real willingness by enough of our elected representatives to do what they took an oath to do; to protect our liberty I do still recommend that you contact your state representative and tell them if you have concerns about open access to your data contained in the state Dept. of Public Safety database.  Tell them that you expect them to protect your personal information from being freely shared and used on a whim to track and spy on you.  They need to hear concerns from their constituents.

It is clear that we cannot stop the government from sharing this information in ways that will hurt our ability to control our own lives.   If we want to protect ourselves we must remove our biometrics from the system by either not giving it to them in the first place or taking legal action to remove it.

That is what I am trying to do, remove my biometric data from the system.  There is just no good reason for it being collected in the first place and no one ever informed me or you of what was being taken from us when we applied for our state driver’s license and they certainly never warned us about the repercussions of trusting them with our most personal information.

Read more about my lawsuit

My Real ID Reckoning

Latest update and request for support

Stop Biometric ID!  Kaye Beach needs your support for lawsuit

Advertisements

When the Cops are Worried About Your Privacy-You Should Worry Too!

Kaye Beach

Dec 5. 2011

I imagine somebody is making a mountain of money off of this deal.  It will be ordinary travelers along with the cops on the beat that will end up paying the interest on this foolish plan.

In today’s world, your information is VALUABLE and your rights are CHEAP.

GATSO USA Forms Unique, Strategic Partnership with Nlets

Earlier this month, GATSO USA was approved as a strategic partner by the Board of Directors of the National Law Enforcement Telecommunications System (Nlets).  Nlets is the nation’s premier interstate network for the exchange of critical law enforcement, criminal justice, and public safety-related information. Supporting every agency at the state, local and federal level. . .

The approval of GATSO is an exciting first for the photo-enforcement industry.

Nlets will be hosting GATSO’s back office and server operations within the Nlets infrastructure. GATSO will have access to registered owner information for all 50 states plus additional provinces in Canada. The strategic relationship has been described as a “win-win” for both organizations.

. . .From GATSO’s perspective, hosting the system with Nlets will provide a ruggedized, robust connection to comprehensive registered owner information.

. . .Nlets was created over 40 years ago by the principal law enforcement agencies of the States. Today, it serves law enforcement agencies in all of the United States and territories, all Federal agencies with a justice component, selected international agencies, as well as a variety of strategic partners — all cooperatively exchanging data. (Emphasis mine) The types of data exchanged vary from motor vehicle and drivers’ data, to Canadian and Interpol databases, state criminal history records, and driver license and corrections images.

Read More

Here are some of NLETS’ “strategic partners”

REDFLEX (Red Light (S)camera company)

OnStar (your on board eavesdropping and tracking device)

BioKey (biometric company)

and an old Oklahoma favorite,  InsureNet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following is from the ‘Nowhere to Hide’ Blog (A site that says it is ‘ for cops by cops’)The writer reviews a few basic facts of the situation and asks some obvious questions that really illuminate this liberty and privacy travesty that is happening right under our noses.

“Should we be worried” he asks.  Worried?!  Worried is an understatement.

As the author notes, this endeavor involves;

. . . innovative use of technolgy for law enforcement, a psuedo-government agency (Nlets), two foreign-owned private companies, and LOTS of PII sharing.- some might even say it had all the makings of a Will Smith movie “

Security, Privacy, and Innovative Law Enforcement Information Sharing: Covering the bases

Excepts from NowheretoHide.org, published Feb 6, 2011;

The main points I took away from this press release were:

  1. Nlets is going to host the back-end server technology that GATSO needs to look up vehicle registration information of red-light runners;
  2. Gatso is going to have access to vehicle registration information for all vehicles/owners in ALL 50 states in the U.S. and (some) provinces in Canada; and
  3. And, because it’s behind Nlets firewalls, security is not an issue.

. . .After I read the press release, I thought that it would be a good case-study for the topic of this blog – it involved innovative use of technolgy for law enforcement, a psuedo-government agency (Nlets), two foreign-owned private companies, and LOTS of PII sharing – some might even say it had all the makings of a Will Smith movie.

To help set the stage, here are a few facts I found online:

  • Gatso-USA is a foreign company, registered in New York State, operating out of Delaware; its parent company is a Dutch company, GATSOmeter BVGatso.
  • Gatso does not appear to vet all of the red-light/speed violations itself; it uses another company – Redflex Traffic Systems to help with that (Redflex is not mentioned in the press release).
  • Redflex seems to be a U.S. company, but it has a (foreign) parent company based in South Melbourne, Australia.
  • Finally, there are no-sworn officers involved in violation processing. Red-light/speed enforcement cameras are not operated by law enforcement agencies; they outsource that to Gatso, who installs and operates the systems for local jurisdictions (with Redflex) for free, (Gatso/Redflex is given a piece of the fine for each violation).

BUT what is new here is that a sort-of-government agency (Nlets), has now provided two civilian companies (with foreign connections) access to Personally Identifiable Information (PII) (vehicle registrations) for the entire U.S. and parts of Canada…should we be worried?

Here are nine questions I would ask:

  1. Personnel Security: Will Nlets have a documented process to vet the U.S. and overseas Gatso and Redflex staff who will have access to this information through direct or VPN access to Nlets systems?
  2. Data Security: Will Gatso or Redflex maintain working/test copies of any of the registration information outside of the Nlets firewall? If so, are there documented ways to make sure this information is protected outside the firewall?
  3. Data Access: Will Gatso/Redflex have access to the entire registration record? or, will access be limited to certain fields?
  4. Code Security: Will any of the code development or code maintenance be done overseas in the Netherlands or Australia? If so, will all developers be vetted?
  5. Network Security: Will overseas developers/site suport staff have access to the data behind Nlets firewalls? What extra precautions will be taken to protect Nltes systems/networks from abuse/attack?
  6. Code Security: Will Nlets conduct any security testing on code loaded on the servers behind their firewalls?
  7. Stakeholder Support: Have all 50 U.S. states, and provinces in Canada, been made aware of this new information sharing relationship? Do they understand all of the nuances of the relationship? And, are they satisfied that their constituents personal information will be protected?
  8. Audit/Logging: Will all queries to vehicle registration information logged? Is someone checking the logs? How will Nlets know if abuses of authorized access are taking place?
  9. Public Acceptance: How do states inform their constituents that their personal vehicle registration information is being made available to foreign owned company? Will they care?

How these questions are answered will determine whether or not we should worry…

Read more

FBI to launch nationwide facial recognition service

Kaye Beach

Oct 9, 2011

This is just the tip of the iceberg….

From NextGov.com

By Aliya Sternstein 10/07/2011

The FBI by mid-January will activate a nationwide facial recognition service in select states that will allow local police to identify unknown subjects in photos, bureau officials told Nextgov.

The federal government is embarking on a multiyear, $1 billion dollar overhaul of the FBI’s existing fingerprint database to more quickly and accurately identify suspects, partly through applying other biometric markers, such as iris scans and voice recordings.

Often law enforcement authorities will “have a photo of a person and for whatever reason they just don’t know who it is [but they know] this is clearly the missing link to our case,” said Nick Megna, a unit chief at the FBI’s criminal justice information services division. The new facial recognition service can help provide that missing link by retrieving a list of mug shots ranked in order of similarity to the features of the subject in the photo.

Read more

Looking Back-A Refresher

A compulsory global biometric identification system for law abiding people is not, will never be justifiable.

Our government seems to have backed off on their denials that Real ID and similar legislation is in fact, a national ID.  But what you should know is that any national ID system is also international.  It’s all about sharing these days and that means with our “international Partners’ too

The following is just a mere sampling of news articles, government documents and sources of information that clearly show the absolute intention to use our state driver’s licenses and the biometric data collected for them, as a an instrument of global identification,  tracking and control.

2003

Viisage receives $12 million award from Oklahoma

FEBRUARY 19, 2003–Viisage Technology Inc. (Littleton, MA; http://www.viisage.com) has been chosen to fulfill the new digital driver’s license contract by the state of Oklahoma’s Department of Public Safety. The contract will include the design, development, and implementation of the statewide secure license production program. The total value of this new multiyear contract is approximately $12 million. Oklahoma is the 19th state to utilize Viisage in the production of identity verification documents and the third state in recent months to give Viisage a major driver’s license contract. The three latest contracts total approximately $35 million. The solution will integrate multiple, advanced identification security features, including FaceEXPLORER facial-recognition software and SAGEM Morpho finger imaging technology

http://tinyurl.com/ViisageOKla

Oklahoma has collected Face, Fingerprint scans and signature biometrics since 2004

Biometric Drivers Licenses Make Debut in Oklahoma

April 20, 2004

SAGEM Morpho, Inc. a proven provider of mission-critical biometric systems and services, announced the successful deployment of biometric technology solutions for the Oklahoma Department Public Safety (DPS) in conjunction with Viisage, a provider of advanced technology identity solutions. SAGEM Morpho will combine its finger imaging recognition technology with Viisage’s facial recognition technology to create accurate biometric records of the state’s approximately four million licensed drivers.  http://www.tmcnet.com/usubmit/2004/apr/1033349.htm

NLETS the International Justice and Public Safety Information Sharing Network, links together every state, local, and federal and International law enforcement (INTERPOL), justice and public safety agency for the purpose of exchanging critical information http://www.nlets.org


2004

The NLETS Candle Project In a related NIJ-funded project, NLETS is working with the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA) to standardize critical information from departments of motor vehicles (DMVs) around the country.

The project, entitled Collaboration between AAMVA and NLETS for Driver’s License Exchange (Candle), seeks to develop and deploy standards and solutions to exchange standardized driver and motor vehicle records over the NLETS network.

Candle builds upon the existing NLETS infrastructure, as well as the Web services advancements made in the Aisle project, and seeks to deploy an international capability for driver and motor vehicle exchanges based upon XML standards, greatly increasing the efficiency. . .

The Candle project provides a first step in transitioning AAMVA to a new generation of technology. This effort will result in consolidating interstate DMV transactions into a single standardized service for both the DMV and law enforcement communities.

From The Police Chief, vol. 71, no. 6, June 2004. 
Copyright held by the International Association of Chiefs of Police,
 515 North Washington Street, Alexandria, VA 22314 USA.

AAMVA was directly involved in the crafting of the Real ID Act 2005. In the DHS-published final rules document for the Real ID Act, the AAMVA was referred to as its “hub” and “backbone.”’ UPDATE: Real ID

2006

Source-THE NEW PARADIGM—MERGING LAW ENFORCEMENT AND COUNTERTERRORISM STRATEGIES Secure Cities 2006 http://www.scribd.com/doc/21970726/IACP-Intelligence-Led-Policing-2006-New-Paradigm

2007

SB 474-Oklahoma prohibited participation in the REAL ID in 2007. (So far, 25 states either by law or resolution have done the same) Although Oklahoma lags behind other states in full implementation of Real ID, there is no reason to believe Oklahoma will not eventually come into full compliance with the act.

2007

FBI Seeks to Build Massive Identification System

 The Federal Bureau of Investigation awarded a $1B, 10-year contract to design, develop, document, integrate, test, and deploy the Next Generation Identification (NGI) System to Lockheed Martin. This new database will expand on the current fingerprint-based system; the FBI will increase its collection and storage not only fingerprints but also iris scans, palm prints and facial images.

The FBI is also in talks with the U.K. police to establish a unified database for the tracking of this biometric information.

The UK has said that the new NGI System could easily be integrated with the U.K.’s current Ident1 database

http://epic.org/privacy/biometrics/

2007 News article;

–The Homeland Security Department’s plans for sharing biometric information internationally designed to counter the threat of terrorism — face resistance from domestic privacy advocates and European governments that follow stricter privacy laws that protect personal data.

Senior DHS officials speaking at a recent conference on biometrics and privacy policy outlined the ethical imperative for technical standards that would foster unrestricted biometric data sharing.

Robert Mocny, acting program manager for the U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology program, sketched the outline of a Global Security Envelope of internationally shared biometric data that would permanently link individuals with their personal data held by governments and corporations.

“information sharing is appropriate around the world,” and DHS plans to create a “Global Security Envelope of internationally shared biometric data that would permanently link individuals with biometric ID, personal information held by governments and corporations”

—-Robert Mocny

Read more… http://www.gcn.com/print/26_03/43061-1.html

2007 The National Information Sharing Initiative ;

The Bush Administration’s 2007 National Information Sharing Strategy established state and local fusion centers as the federal government’s primary mechanism for collecting and disseminating domestic intelligence. 

The federal government has fueled the growth of these state and local intelligence centers, and has organized them into a national network that feeds information gathered at the local level into the Director of National Intelligence’s Information Sharing Environment (ISE), where it becomes accessible to all participating law enforcement agencies as well as the larger intelligence community. Link

The Biometric Interoperability Program promotes biometric-based information sharing between the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS) and other federal and international biometric systems.

http://www.biometriccoe.gov/_doc/FBI_CJIS_0808_One%20Pager_8%205x11_BIOMETRICS_v3.pdf

2008 -Fusion Centers Tap Into Personal Databases

Many fusion centers have not shared with the public what databases they use. This was demonstrated in an April 2, 2008 article in The Washington Post titled “Centers Tap into Personal Databases.” It revealed that several fusion centers in the northeast have access to millions of people’s information including unlisted cell phone numbers, insurance claims, driver’s license photographs

–Rebecca Andino, PMP, CIPP/G, president and founder of Highlight Technologies

______________________________

Ann Cavoukian, Ph.D. (Information and Privacy Commissioner for Ontario) and Alex Stoianov, Ph.D. point out that in the not too distant future a person’s unique biometric template could be used as an identifying key to link together all the different databases that contain entries for that person. It would enable someone to build up a complete picture of that individual without their knowledge or consent.

“When the use of biometrics grows, an ordinary person will be enrolled in various biometrically controlled databases, such as travel documents, driver licenses, health care, access control, banking, shopping, etc. Current biometric systems can use the same biometric template for all of them. The template becomes the ultimate unique identifier of the person. This is where biometric data mining comes into effect: the different databases, even if some of them are anonymous, may be linked together to create comprehensive personal profiles for all the users. To do this, no fresh biometric sample is even required. The linking of the databases can be done offline using template-to-template matching, in a very efficient one-to-many mode. The privacy implications explode at this point.”

 

2008

DHS Human Factors Division:  Social-Behavioral Threat Analysis

Mission:

To apply the social, behavioral and physical sciences to improve identification, analysis, and understanding of the threats posed by individuals, groups, and radical movements; to support community preparedness, response, and recovery to catastrophic events; and to advance national security by integrating the human element into homeland security science & technology. http://www.scribd.com/doc/27037194/Behave-Fast-Tsadhs

MONITORING EVERYDAY BEHAVIOR

In April 2008, the Wall Street Journal and the Los Angeles Times both reported on a new Los Angeles Police Department order that compels LAPD officers to begin reporting “suspicious behaviors” in addition to their other duties—creating a stream of “intelligence” about a host of everyday activities that, according to documents, will be fed to the local fusion center.


LAPD Special Order #11, dated March 5, 2008, states that it is the policy of the LAPD to “gather, record, and analyze information of a criminal or non-criminal nature, that could indicate activity or intentions related to either foreign or domestic terrorism,” and includes a list of 65 behaviors LAPD officers “shall” report. The list includes such innocuous, clearly subjective, and First Amendment protected activities as:

– taking measurements

– using binoculars

– taking pictures or video footage “with no apparent esthetic value”

– abandoning vehicle

– drawing diagrams

– taking notes

– espousing extremist views

LAPD’s Program is now the Nationwide SAR Initiative (NSI)

Nationwide SAR Initiative Vision: By 2014, every Federal, State, local, tribal and law enforcement entity operating domestically will participate in a standardized integrated approach to gather, document, process, analyze, and share terrorism-related suspicious activity

28 C.F.R. part 23

28 CRF Part 23 is a US Federal Code that basically says you cannot be entered into a criminal data system unless you are a legitimate suspect.  Not so anymore.

The April 2003 GIWG meeting minutes record approval for the weakening of 28 CFR 23 and note that GIWG member Daniel J. Oates indicated he was excited about the proposed changes to 28 CFR Part 23, specifically the area dealing with changing the reasonable suspicion collection criteria to reasonable indication. If the rule is passed, officers on the street can gather small bits of information that can be entered into an intelligence database. Under the old standard, this could not be done. Read more

28 C.F.R. Part 23 was promulgated pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §3789(g)(c) which requires state and local law enforcement agencies receiving federal funding  to

“…collect, maintain, and disseminate criminal intelligence  information in conformance with policy standards which are  prescribed by the Office of Justice Programs and which are written to  assure that the funding and operation of these systems further the purpose of this chapter and to assure that some systems are not  utilized in violation of the privacy and constitutional rights of individuals.

 

Why did we need 28 CFR 23?dep

The Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs (OJP) in 1993 explained;

“Because criminal intelligence information is both conjectural and subjective in nature, may be widely disseminated through the interagency exchange of information and cannot be accessed by criminal suspects to verify that the information is accurate and complete, the protections and limitations set forth in the regulation are necessary to protect the privacy interests of the subjects and potential suspects of a criminal intelligence system.”

They have decided that now-we are no longer due these legal protections.

It actually took them until 2008 before the desired weakening of federal code was officially achieved

In July  2008, the Department of Justice proposed a rule to amend the primary federal regulation governing criminal intelligence databases (28 CFR Part 23) to expand both what information can be collected by law enforcement agencies, and with whom it may be shared.  (see 73 Fed. Reg. 44673) read more

. . .the Department of Justice has relaxed restrictions on when the Federal Bureau of Investigation can begin investigations, and worked to increase intelligence-sharing among local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies as well as with federal (intelligence) agencies in ways that will compromise civil liberties (through a change in federal regulation 28 C.F.R. part 23).

Read more FBI Guidelines 28 C.F.R. part 23

2008

Comments on proposed amendments to 28 Code of Federal

Regulations Part 23 –

. . .intelligence fusion centers universally claimed  compliance with 28 CFR Part 23 as the appropriate regulation governing the conduct of  their intelligence collection efforts.

The Congressional Research Service reported that “many state and local law enforcement and fusion center staff” expressed concerns regarding sharing law enforcement sensitive information with non-law enforcement personnel including analysts working under contract to the Department of Homeland Security.10

In January 2008 the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) published “functional standards” for suspicious activity reports (SAR) produced by state and local law enforcement.

The DNI standards actually encourage state and local law enforcement to report non-criminal suspicious activities to the intelligence community by defining the scope of suspicious activity as “observed behavior that may be indicative of intelligence gathering or pre-operational planning related to terrorism, criminal, or other illicit intention.”

READ MORE

Oklahoma Information Fusion Center Privacy Policy;

The OIFC may retain information that is based on mere suspicion, such as tips and leads. Suspicious Activity Reports (SAR) information will be retained in the future once the SAR project is finalized and guidelines are issued to Fusion Centers.  http://www.scribd.com/doc/24732421/Oklahoma-Information-Fusion-center-Privacy-Policy

**Please Note-This is NOT a genuine OIFC Notice. If the OIFC files a suspicious activity report on you-You would never know it.

Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting Initiative IJIS (Fusion Centers)

http://www.scribd.com/doc/41496999/Nationwide-Suspicious-Activity-Reporting-Initiative-IJIS-Fusion-Centers

NSI

http://www.scribd.com/doc/21970535/Nationwide-SAR-suspicious-activity-reports-Initiative

SAR and Amtrak

http://www.scribd.com/doc/44933611/Nationwide-SAR-Initiative-Partnership-With-Amtrak

Oct. 20, 2008

International Police Organization Proposes Worldwide Facial Recognition System.

An Interpol face-recognition database would permit Interpol member nations to search records containing travelers’ personal biometric information, and could be used in conjunction with travel watch lists.

“There will be such a large role in the future for fingerprints and facial recognition”

— Mark Branchflower, head of Interpol’s fingerprint unit

2009

BIOMETRICS TASK FORCE

http://www.scribd.com/doc/26083198/Army-War-College-Bio-Metrics-Task-Force-April-15-2009

Across All Government Biometric Information Coordination

Collaboration Data Sharing Biometrics Mission Sets Population Census Targeting / Tracking Base & Checkpoint Security Police, Military, & Govt. Official Vetting Border Control / Ports of Entry (POEs) Detainee Operations

2008-2009

Homeland Security Presidential Directive 24, signed in 2008 and revalidated in 2009 by the current administration, mandates that interoperability with respect to biometrics spans the military, civil, and criminal arenas.

http://www.biometrics.dod.mil/Newsletter/issues/2009/Sep/V5issue3.html

FBI delves into DMV photos in search for fugitives

October 12, 2009

RALEIGH, N.C. — In its search for fugitives, the FBI has begun using facial-recognition technology on millions of motorists, comparing driver’s license photos with pictures of convicts in a high-tech analysis of chin widths and nose sizes.

The project in North Carolina has already helped nab at least one suspect. Agents are eager to look for more criminals and possibly to expand the effort nationwide. But privacy advocates worry that the method allows authorities to track people who have done nothing wrong.

http://www.publicintelligence.info/fbi-delves-into-dmv-photos-in-search-for-fugitives/

October 13, 2009

According to the AP’s report, the FBI has assembled a panel of experts tasked with standardizing drivers license photos and push use of biometric-mining nationwide. But the value of mining DMV records with the biometric software is limited for one simple reason, expressed perfectly by Marc Rotenberg of the Electronic Privacy Information Center. “We don’t have good photos of terrorists,” he explains.

 “Most of the facial-recognition systems today are built on state DMV records because that’s where the good photos are

http://www.thetruthaboutcars.com/fbi-mining-dmv-photos-for-fugitives

Fusion Centers “fuse” information shared between Military and Civilian forces, Public and Private Institutions, State Federal and International Governments.

September 15, 2009

WASHINGTON – The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced Monday that it was giving state and local fusion centers access to the classified military intelligence in Department of Defense (DOD) databases. The federal government has facilitated the growth of a network of fusion centers since 9/11 to expand information collection and sharing practices among law enforcement agencies, the private sector and the intelligence community.

http://www.aclu.org/national-security_technology-and-liberty/fusion-centers-obtain-access-classified-military-intelligen

2009 Biometric Consortium Conference

Biometric Enabled Intelligence has been a powerful tool in the law enforcement community, linking individuals to events, evidence and ultimately to solved crimes. That same concept can make biometrics a so what enabler of military operations, physical security, logical security, and forensic analysis by linking people, places, activities and events.

As we learn to link biometrics to biographic, geospatial, social networks and other forms of data, we can develop patterns of activities for both individuals and organizations

Mrs. Del Greco initiated two high profile, multi-million dollar  development efforts: “Next Generation Identification” (NGI), which will expand biometric and criminal history capabilities; and “Biometric Interoperability”, which will ensure information sharing between the FBI’s Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS) and other key biometric-based systems within the Federal Government and international partners

http://biometrics.org/bc2009/bios/delgreco_k.pdf

 

 Tag!  You’re It!

“Face recognition already exists through photo IDs, which can be used of individuals that are not enrolled”

http://www.scribd.com/doc/44675297/Sensor-Nets-the-Business-of-Surveillance

2010

Stripping Away Anonymity-The Secretary of Defense Funding Doc

“Biometrics technologies can be used to both verify an individual’s claimed identity and, when combined with additional intelligence and/or forensic information, biometrics technologies can establish an unknown individual’s identity, thus stripping away his anonymity. “

“This program will develop the technology that will improve the quality of biometrics derived information provided to the operational forces for the purpose of identifying and classifying anonymous individuals. It will enable execution of a DoD and interagency coordinated biometrics science and technology plan that supports technology transition to acquisition programs in FY10 and the out-years.”

See the document; www.dtic.mil/descriptivesum/Y2010/OSD/0603665D8Z.pdf

 

2010

Biometrics Identity Management Agency (BIMA)

Warfighter, Business, Intelligence, and Security & Law Enforcement

The Department of the Army General Order (DAGO) 2010-06, signed by the Secretary of the Army (SecArmy), redesignated BTF (biometrics task force) as the Biometrics Identity Management Agency (BIMA) on 23 March 2010.

Sept 1, 2010

Get REAL . . .

But open rebellion against REAL ID, which was so heated two or three years ago, has calmed considerably. States are no longer lining up to add themselves to the list of those refusing to fund of implement the federal law’s requirements.

Instead, many state motor vehicle departments are quietly doing the work to meet the law’s initial 18 benchmarks. According to DHS, all but the 14 holdout states say they’ll be able to meet the law’s operational requirements by the end of this year.

Read more

June 22, 2011

Making REAL ID a Reality: Next Steps for Congress

At least 32 states are close to REAL ID material compliance, while a total of 44 states and territories have indicated that they fully intend to meet REAL ID compliance

State unveils new, secure driver’s license

Starting Monday, Alabama residents will be able to obtain a new, more secure form of identification.In compliance with REAL ID Act of 2005, the Alabama De­partment of Public Safety has developed a driver’s license and identification program called STAR I.D. Congress passed the REAL ID Act in re­sponse to acts of terrorism against the United States.

Connecticut to begin controversial Real ID program

Connecticut launched a campaign today to publicize how to obtain a drivers license that meets the stricter verification standards of a federal “Real ID” law passed in 2005, but never implemented in face of objections from two dozen states

And Many. Many more!

DoJ 2010 Budget Request-National Security

For those who are curious about such things;

FY 2010 Overview
The FY 2010 Budget will help strengthen national security and counter the threat of terrorism. The request provides $7.9 billion for the FBI, including $480 million in program enhancements and $101 million for continued support of overseas contingency operations. Additionally, a total of $88 million for the National Security Division (NSD) to address the President’s highest priority: protecting the American people from terrorist attacks is provided. In total, the Budget requests a $721.5 million increase, including 366 agents, to strengthen DOJ’s counterterrorism investigative capabilities. These funds are needed to allow the Department to identify, track, and defeat terrorists operating in the United States and overseas, and to fortify our intelligence analysis capabilities

Some Highlights:

For the FBI

Comprehensive National Cyber security Initiative (CNCI): $61.2 million and 260 positions (107 agents and 42 intelligence analysts)

FBI Training Academy: $10.0 million to conduct an Architecture and Engineering (A&E) study, to determine the requirements to expand its FBI Academy training facilities on the Quantico Marine Corps Base.(Emphasis mine)

Biometrics Technology Center (BTC): $97.6 million . . .The BTC will be a collaborative effort between the FBI and DoD (Emphasis mine)

Central Records Complex (CRC): $9 million to support the inventory, consolidation, and preparation of 18 linear miles of records for relocation.

Surveillance and Advanced Electronic Surveillance: $32.5 million and 75 positions (12 agents) to expand the capabilities of the FBI’s surveillance groups and aviation program.

For the DEA

Continuing Counterterrorism Investments: $10.0 million and 15 positions (9 agents and 3 intelligence analysts

For INTERPOL

U.S. National Central Bureau (USNCB) or INTERPOL – Washington: $2.2 million

(plus much more!)

See the Document Here

“Your Body IS Your ID” The Book-Smash the Surveillance Society!

A surveillance society must be in place before the government can have absolute power over us, the citizens.

“The U.S. government has made quite a few changes in the way it goes about protecting the homeland, while giving mostly lip service to the importance of privacy and personal freedom.  In the meantime, ever-more powerful surveillance technologies are being developed and deployed by well-heeled corporations – from surveillance cameras to scanners that sense body temperature and perspiration – sophisticated gadgetry that, used in tandem, can already supposedly analyze the behavior of citizens and track their movements on a scale never before seen.”

Excepts from the book “Your Body Is Your ID”

On Facial-Recognition Tech in 30 States, CSDL and INTERPOL

Posted by Veronica (Profile) at Red State

Tuesday, August 10th

It’s a blip on the radar, but we’d better get used to it. For now, 30 states say they’re using it via DMVs to track identity theives:

New York this year became one of more than 30 states to deploy the controversial technology at its Department of Motor Vehicles. Gov. David A. Paterson will brief reporters Tuesday on hundreds of cases the state is prosecuting as a result — including at least one that officials will tout as a major criminal apprehension.

New York officials would not comment prior to the briefing, but the Empire State is just the latest in a long line to find that facial recognition can be a powerful tool to unmask identity thieves and other imposters.

Facial-recognition software automatically examines digital photographs, comparing the unique underlying structures of the face across different images — flagging suspicious matches.

..

Brian Zimmer of the Coalition for a Secure Driver’s License told The Times that what distinguishes New York, Indiana and a dozen or so states that he said take a similar “hard line on imposters” is that “every attempt at fraud is prosecuted,” and that officials press felony charges. The coalition is a nonprofit that advocates the introduction of anti-fraud measures in motor vehicle departments nationwide.

Mr. Zimmer said New York had carefully piloted facial-recognition technology for more than a year before rolling it out in January “to ensure full scale application throughout the state would be successful, and not lead to mistakes or service delays. I understand that hundreds of people have been arrested so far this year as a result of its deployment.”

And blah, blah.

Pay attention: always perk your ears when you hear about a “non-profit” working to promote a government agency.

Non-profits are like lobbyists. Only, they usually specialize in lobbying the public to accept whatever (usually progressive) policy is being implemented by the state. [edit: When I say “usually progressive,” I say this with the exception of the countless non-profs that have a direct impact on the quality of life for many, many people. I also say — go back to the source, vet the board of directors and partnerships to verify and determine the core values of the non-prof.]

They’re on the state’s payroll. The government dime. The taxpayer’s dole. That should tell you who they “work for.”

So .. when anyone tells you the bureaucracy of the state is growing larger and larger, think about including non-profits. They compete for government funds, so of course they’ll mold themselves to pushing, advocating, cultivating and activating the state message.

Now, getting back to Zimmer.

Zimmer’s organization, the Coalition for a Secure Driver’s License, basically sets about promoting the implementation, compliance and enforcement of the Real ID Act, which sets minimum standards for state-issued driver’s licenses and ID cards. The law is based off of the 9/11 Commission report and, of course, there are privacy concerns. At one point, Napolitano wanted to have it repealed.

A quick google shows that back in 2007, Zimmer was a lead lobbyist for Kelly, Anderson and AssociatesHe testified in front of the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Homeland Security in May, 2007 as part of the “Interrupting Terrorist Travel:  Strengthening the Security of International Travel Documents” testimony.

Ronald K. Nobel, the then-and-now Secretary-General of INTERPOL was on the same panel with him.

Read More

Relevant Post

OK ALERT! INTERPOL Washington “Aggressive Expansion” Oklahoma DO NOT Feed the FUSION!

How Facial Recognition works

OK ALERT! INTERPOL Washington “Aggressive Expansion” Oklahoma DO NOT Feed the FUSION!

I stumbled onto this report while researching for information to use in order to explain to Oklahoma residents why HB 3209 and SB483 two “Direct Electronic Access” bills that will make the Department of Public Safety the designated the Broker for your Biometric Data (digital photos) is NOT something we want to do.

Overview for the U.S. National Central Bureau of INTERPOL

In FY 2011, the U.S. National Central Bureau of INTERPOL (INTERPOL Washington) requests a total of $37,018,000, 88 FTE, and 94 positions to prevent crime, enforce federal laws and prevent terrorism.  This request includes a total program increase of $6,927,000, 9 FTE, and 17 positions

[. . .]INTERPOL Washington is requesting enhancements to IT budget base funding of $4,000,000 for technological expansion and enhancement of the 24/7 Command Center in the new building where INTERPOL Washington will move in FY 2010

[. . .]This role is enhanced by INTERPOL Washington’s aggressive strategy of expanding INTERPOL services throughout the United States. Expansion has led to an increasing number of law enforcement officers accessing INTERPOL information for the first time.

[. . .]INTERPOL expansion has been enhanced with its Biometric Exchange Program allowing fingerprints and mug shots to be shared and stored in domestic fingerprint systems for law enforcement purposes.

[. . .]Federal and state law enforcement agencies participate in the INTERPOL Washington through detailed personnel

[. . .]These personnel operate in divisions dedicated to specific investigative areas, typically with a nexus to their parent agency’s jurisdiction and expertise:  Alien/Fugitive, Economic Crimes, Drugs, Terrorism and Violent Crimes, and State and Local Liaison (this means Fusion Centers)

[. . .] This request includes specific outcome-based objectives as well as a range of enhancements that that will move INTERPOL Washington toward greater cooperation and information sharing among law enforcement organizations throughout the world

2 Bills, SB 483 AND HB 3209 STATE;

<StartFT>An Act relating to driver licenses; amending 47> O.S. 2001, Section <2-110>, as< last >amended by Section <1>, Chapter <199>, O.S.L. 20<05> (<47> O.S. Supp. 2009, Section <2-110>), which relates to the release of records by the Department of Public Safety; directing the Department of Public Safety to establish procedures for access to computerized images

The Commissioner of Public Safety is authorized to establish procedures and enter into agreements with any other law enforcement agency of this state or political subdivision of this state for the purpose of providing direct electronic access to the photograph or image in computerized format of any person who has been issued a driver license or identification card by the Department of Public Safety


I was going to tell you all about State Fusion Centers.

I wanted to explain how “FUSION” is really a concept  NOT any one place although Oklahoma does have a Fusion Center as does every state in the nation (many have several) Fusion is taking place between Public and Private entities, Military and Civilian Forces and National and International Governments.

JULY 2008

If the federal government announced it was creating a new domestic intelligence agency made up of over 800,000 operatives dispersed throughout every American city and town, filing reports on even the most common everyday behaviors, Americans would revolt. Mike German and Jay Stanley

What is a FUSION CENTER?

Part of domestic surveillance system that incorporates private contractors, federal government, military, and local law enforcement Originally organized by the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Justice Provide federal authorities with access to local databases and legally protected information concerning law-abiding citizens  Often function with military liaisons and integrate with National Guard Often at undisclosed locations listing only post office boxes as physical addresses  As of July 2009, approximately 72 fusion centers exist nationwide

http://publicintelligence.net/intelligence-fusion-centers/#footnote_1_

Many fusion centers have not shared with the public what databases they use. This was demonstrated in an April 2, 2008 article in The Washington Post titled “Centers Tap into Personal Databases.” It revealed that several fusion centers in the northeast have access to millions of people’s information including unlisted cell phone numbers, insurance claims, driver’s license photographs and credit reports.

–Rebecca Andino, PMP, CIPP/G, president and founder of Highlight Technologies

I wanted Oklahoma residents to know about the kind of information that Fusion Centers collect and how that information is shared;

JULY 2008

If the federal government announced it was creating a new domestic intelligence agency made up of over 800,000 operatives dispersed throughout every American city and town, filing reports on even the most common everyday behaviors, Americans would revolt. Mike German and Jay Stanley


Face recognition next in terror fight

http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2007-05-10-facial-recognition-terrorism_N.htm

5/10/2007

The government is paying for some of the most advanced research into controversial face-recognition technology, which converts photos into numerical sequences that can be instantly compared with millions of photos in a database  More recently, 19 states have adopted the technology and compare driver’s-license applicants with a photo database of license holders to see whether an applicant already has a license or is using a false identity, Hamilton said.

What Is a “SAR”?

“Official documentation of observed behavior that may be indicative of intelligence gathering or preoperational planning related to terrorism, criminal, or other illicit intention”

A SAR is a “Suspicious Activity Report”.  LAPD’s program of information gathering on non-criminal behavior has been nationalized.  These reports follow the same path that a criminal report would.  Officers in the field have access to these reports when they pull you over for a citation.

Do you have a “SARs”?

The answer is that you cannot know.

If you are a criminal you can review your files to ensure that they are accurate.  If you are a law abiding citizen with no criminal history, you may not know if law enforcement has 1 or more “SARs” reports following you for such innocuous behavior as sitting in your vehicle too long.  You may have 3 “SARs” reports on you when a cop pulls you over and not even know it.  Is it possible that these reports might have an effect on the treatment you receive from an officer so informed?

MONITORING EVERYDAY BEHAVIOR

In April 2008, the Wall Street Journal and the Los Angeles Times both reported on a new Los Angeles

Police Department order that compels LAPD officers to begin reporting “suspicious behaviors” in addition to their other duties—creating a stream of “intelligence” about a host of everyday activities that, according to documents, will be fed to the local fusion center.

LAPD Special Order #11, dated March 5, 2008, states that it is the policy of the LAPD to “gather, record  and analyze information of a criminal or non-criminal nature, that could indicate activity or intentions related to either foreign or domestic terrorism,” and includes a list of 65 behaviors LAPD officers “shall”report.

The list includes such innocuous, clearly subjective, and First Amendment protected activities as:

taking measurements

– using binoculars

– taking pictures or video footage “with no apparent esthetic value”

– abandoning vehicle

– drawing diagrams

– taking notes

– espousing extremist views

http://iwitnessvideo.info/files/fusion_update_20080729.pdf

FUSION of Military and Civilian forces, Public and Private Institutions, State Federal and International Governments.

https://cmo.act.nato.int/Newsletter/CFC%20CMO%20FAQ%20Sheet.pdf

September 15, 2009

WASHINGTON – The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced Monday that it was giving state and local fusion centers access to the classified military intelligence in Department of Defense (DOD) databases. The federal government has facilitated the growth of a network of fusion centers since 9/11 to expand information collection and sharing practices among law enforcement agencies, the private sector and the intelligence community.

http://www.aclu.org/national-security_technology-and-liberty/fusion-centers-obtain-access-classified-military-intelligen

International Police Organization Proposes Worldwide Facial Recognition System.

Oct. 20, 2008

An Interpol face-recognition database would permit Interpol member nations to search records containing travelers’ personal biometric information, and could be used in conjunction with travel watch lists.

“We need to get our data to the border entry points. There will be such a large role in the future for fingerprints and facial recognition,”

— Mark Branchflower, head of Interpol’s fingerprint unit

In Dec 2009 the President quietly released this executive order;

Executive Order — Amending Executive Order 12425

EXECUTIVE ORDER
– – – – – – –
AMENDING EXECUTIVE ORDER 12425 DESIGNATING INTERPOL
AS A PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION ENTITLED TO
ENJOY CERTAIN PRIVILEGES, EXEMPTIONS, AND IMMUNITIES

http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/executive-order-amending-executive-order-12425

There was much speculation on what this order meant;

Why Does Interpol Need Immunity from American Law? [Andy McCarthy]

You just can’t make up how brazen this crowd is. One week ago, President Obama quietly signed an executive order that makes an international police force immune from the restraints of American law.

http://corner.nationalreview.com/post/?q=MGY3MTI4YTRjZmYwMGU1ZjZhOGJmNmQ0NmJiZDNmMDY=

This document should help clarify the purpose of EO 12425 it should also make the problem with allowing direct electronic access to the Oklahoma state DMV database at will, no warrant crystal clear.


International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)

U.S. National Central Bureau

(INTERPOL Washington)

U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ)

Washington, D.C.

FY 2011 Performance Budget

CONGRESSIONAL SUBMISSION

Following is a brief summary of the Department’s Strategic Goals and Objectives in which INTERPOL Washington plays a role and how our proposed enhancements fit within those goals.

DOJ Strategic Goal 1:  Prevent Terrorism and Promote the Nation’s Security (FY 2011 Request:  $4,505,000)

  • Prevent, disrupt, and defeat terrorist operations before they occur (1.1)
  • Strengthen partnerships to prevent, deter, and respond to terrorism incidents (1.2)

DOJ Strategic Goal 2:  Prevent Crime, Enforce Federal Laws and Represent the Rights and Interests of the American People (FY 2011 Request: $1,155,000)

  • Strengthen partnerships for safer communities and enhance the Nation’s capacity to prevent, solve and control crime (2.1)
  • Reduce the threat, incidence and prevalence of violent crime (2.2)
  • Prevent, suppress and intervene in crimes against children (2.3)
  • Reduce the threat, trafficking, use and related violence of illegal drugs (2.4)
  • Combat public and corporate corruption, fraud, economic crime and cybercrime (2.5)

Read the Entire Report (BUT FIRST-Contact OK State Legislators about HB 3209 “Direct Access Bill” !)

www.justice.gov/jmd/2011justification/office/fy11-usncb-justification.doc

HB3209 – Department of Public Safety to establish procedures for access to computerized images – byRep. Armes will be heard in the Public Safety Committee Wed. 2/17/10 3:00pm Rm 432A

Contact these legislators and tell them DO NOT FEED THE FUSION!

Public Safety

Rep. Tibbs, Sue – Chair

Rep. Martin, Steve – Vice Chair

Representative Collins, Wallace
Representative Hoskin, Chuck
Representative McCullough, Mark (405) 557-7414
Representative McDaniel, Randy
Representative Murphey, Jason
Representative Osborn, Leslie
Representative Ritze, Mike
Representative Roan, Paul D.
Representative Smithson, Glen Bud
Representative Thomsen, Todd


NLETS

NLETS

http://www.nlets.org/whatWeDo.aspx

WHAT WE DO

imgprojectilelauncher

As the International Justice and Public Safety Information Sharing Network, Nlets links together every state, local, and federal law enforcement, justice and public safety agency for the purpose of exchanging critical information. At Nlets, we are dedicated to diligently growing the network, building strategic partnerships in the for-profit community, and taking calculated risks to deliver new services in user-friendly ways at the lowest possible cost. Today, Nlets is also a proving ground for information sharing technology and a trusted source for grants to develop breakthrough programs that support the men and women who need the right information, at the right place, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.

 Nlets not only has a national impact but an international one as well. Information sharing is the mission-critical requirement to achieve homeland security, to protect the American public, and to defend against terrorism. Whether it’s an officer at a traffic stop, an investigator at a crime scene, a first responder at a toxic spill, or an officer at the border-every minute of every day, more than 1 million users in the United States and Canada depend on Nlets.

 

nletsimgourimpactlist

 

http://www.scribd.com/doc/356139/19-01-justification?autodown=doc

Excerpts from U.S. National Central Bureau (USNCB)

 

International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)

 

U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ)

Washington, D.C.  

 

Mission

 The USNCB’s mission is to facilitate international law enforcement cooperation by acting as the United States representative to the international INTERPOL organization on behalf of the Attorney General.  The USNCB is responsible for the transmission of information of  a criminal justice, humanitarian, or other law enforcement-related nature between National Central Bureaus of INTERPOL member countries and law enforcement agencies within the United States. 

 

USNCB Operational Activities and Responsibilities

Operationally, the USNCB has two roles. First, USNCB serves as a  24 hours/7 days a week police-to-police communications and intelligence network for American and foreign police seeking assistance in criminal investigations extending beyond their national boundaries.  Second, USNCB also serves as the designated representative of the Attorney General and American law enforcement to INTERPOL’s General Secretariat in Lyon, France and to the other 183 member countries of the INTERPOL organization.

In FY 2008, the USNCB will pursue an ambitious plan to make Interpol criminal information available to all U.S. law enforcement entities by expanding its secure communications network. This access will be accomplished through a multi-faceted technical strategy:

  • Using Internet Based Virtual Private Networks for large Metropolitan police departments 
  • Delivering secure web portals for smaller state and local liaison offices for individual access to Interpol systems and secure email to the USNCB.
  • Building interfaces to legacy mainframe systems, such as FBI’s National Crime Information Center (NCIC) and DHS’s Advance Passenger Information System (APIS).
  • Expanding access to Interpol databases nationally using the preexisting National Law Enforcement Telecommunications System (NLETS) for remaining domestic law enforcement agencies.

 

The USNCB will also expand its efforts to perform biographical and biometric data matching exercises, allowing various U.S. Government (USG) components to screen large volumes of data, such as subjects of criminal investigation, federal employees, and applicants for licenses to transport hazardous materials, against international criminal records.

The annual U.S. dues obligation to INTERPOL is assessed in Euros.   Unfortunately, the steady erosion of the dollar against the Euro has increased the amount of the U.S. payment in dollars, as reflected in this budget submission.

     b. Strategies to Accomplish Outcomes

 

The USNCB has formed strategic partnerships with U.S. law enforcement agencies that have assigned agents to the USNCB to initiate and respond to international inquiries.  The USNCB further participates in such international law enforcement initiatives as:  Fusion Task Force (provides link analysis on terrorist groups and individuals); Millennium Project (Eastern European Organized Crime); Project Rockers (International Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs); Project Bridge (human trafficking); International Stolen Vehicle Programs, International Stolen/Lost Travel Documents Program and the Interpol Bioterrorism Program.

Justification

The President’s National Strategy for Homeland Security (July 2002) places a strong emphasis on information sharing: 

American democracy is rooted in the precepts of federalism – a system of government in which our state governments share power with federal institutions.  Our structure of overlapping federal, state, and local governance provides unique opportunity and challenges for our homeland security efforts.  The opportunity comes from the expertise and commitment of local agencies and organizations involved in homeland security.  The challenge is to develop interconnected and complementary systems that are reinforcing rather than duplicative and that ensure essential requirements are met.  A national strategy requires a national effort.

The USNCB’s information sharing strategy supports the Administration’s goal of data transparency by readily empowering federal, state, and local agencies with unprecedented access to international indices.  USNCB’s projects provide the technological tools to enhance international data sharing while advancing true global law enforcement interoperability.

This project will develop Internet-based protocols to enable data sharing between the USNCB and domestic and foreign law enforcement organizations using VPN and web services. This would enable automated, real-time data transfers among organizations to enhance border security and crime prevention.  For example, by swiping a passport, U.S. border officials could generate queries to both U.S. and INTERPOL databases including 183 other member countries.  Index or “pointer” style responses (i.e., a “hit”) would be generated instantaneously, enabling border officials and law enforcement personnel to identify possible fugitives, terrorists or criminals.

In collaboration with various federal partners, the USNCB has begun to identify solutions for connecting large-scale legacy mainframe applications to Interpol systems. The partnership began with the FBI and allowed the USNCB to expand access to the FBI’s Stolen Motor Vehicles records maintained in Clarksburg, West Virginia.

Subsequently, the USNCB is evaluating interconnectivity with DHS’s Automated Passenger Information System (APIS) ultimately receiving and processing over a million records queried against INTERPOL’s database

Another aspect of this project entails gateway services for domestic law enforcement systems. The USNCB plans to strengthen its gateways by building direct interfaces to legacy systems including: the FBI’s National Crime Information Center (NCIC), Automated Fingerprint Information System (AFIS), and DHS’s APIS. This approach will allow domestic and foreign agencies to continue to use existing systems yet expand local access to INTERPOL information.